Donor human milk largely replaces formula-feeding of preterm infants in two urban hospitals

University of Cincinnati College of Medicine, Cincinnati, OH, USA.
Journal of perinatology: official journal of the California Perinatal Association (Impact Factor: 2.07). 12/2012; 33(6). DOI: 10.1038/jp.2012.153
Source: PubMed


To determine acceptance of donor human milk (DM) for feeding preterm infants and whether offering DM, alters mothers' milk (MM) feeding.

Study design:
Infant feeding data were collected from medical records of 650 very preterm infants enrolled between 2006-2011 in two hospital level III neonatal intensive care units (NICUs) in Cincinnati, Ohio. The study was conducted during the implementation of a program offering 14 days of DM.

From 2006-2011, any DM use increased from 8 to 77% of infants, largely replacing formula for the first 2 weeks of life; provision of MM did not change. DM was more likely to be given in the first 2 weeks of life, if infants never received MM or were >1000 g birth weight, but DM use did not differ by sociodemographic factors.

Offering DM dramatically increased human milk feeding and decreased formula use, but did not alter MM feeding in hospital.

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