Extra-osseous tenosynovial chondromatosis of the middle finger: a case report
Department of Orthopedics, Smt. Kashibai Navale Medical College and General Hospital, Narhe, Pune, Maharashtra, India.Journal of orthopaedic surgery (Hong Kong) (Impact Factor: 0.7). 12/2012; 20(3):406-8.
Extra-osseous tenosynovial chondromatosis is rare and has a high rate of local recurrence. We report a 23-year-old man who presented with a 6-month history of pain and swelling of the right middle finger and painful limitation of the ring finger flexion secondary to this condition. Surgical exploration revealed multiple loose bodies of varying size arising from the flexor tendon sheath. Histopathological examination revealed mature chondroid tissue and focal calcification. After 2 years of follow-up, the patient had achieved an excellent functional recovery and showed no evidence of recurrence.
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ABSTRACT: Tenosynovial chondromatosis is an extra-articular version of articular synovial chondromatosis and a relatively rare condition that can affect the tendon sheath, bursa, or joint synovial tissue. Tenosynovial chondromatosis is rarely reported in the literature and is often misdiagnosed. In the present study, a case of extra-articular tenosynovial chondromatosis of the left ring finger in a 23-year-old man is reported. Three different-sized nodules were identified upon surgery and all were removed via synovectomy. The patient was symptom free 6 months postoperatively, and there were no signs of recurrence after 1.5 years of follow-up. The literature describing tenosynovial chondromatosis in the fingers is also reviewed.
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