A single-brushing study to compare plaque removal efficacy of a new power brush to an ADA reference manual toothbrush

Dr. Malgorzata Klukowska, Procter & Gamble Health Care Research Center, 8700 Mason-Montgomery Road, Mason, OH 45040, USA.
American journal of dentistry (Impact Factor: 0.85). 09/2012; 25 Spec No A(A):10A-13A.
Source: PubMed


To determine the effectiveness of a new multi-directional power toothbrush in reducing plaque when compared to a standard manual toothbrush control in a single brushing design.
This was a randomized, replicate use, single-brushing, two-treatment, four-period, examiner-blinded crossover clinical trial at a single center. Qualified subjects entered an acclimation phase, after which they were randomly assigned to one of four treatment sequences specifying the order of use of the two test toothbrushes: a novel multi-directional power toothbrush with a 2-D drive (Oral-B Vitality TriZone) and an American Dental Association (ADA) reference soft manual brush. Subjects used each brush twice over the course of the trial. At each of the four period visits, after abstaining from oral hygiene for 24 hours, participants received a baseline (pre-brushing) Turesky Modification of the Quigley-Hein Plaque Index (TMQHPI) examination. They then brushed under supervision with the brush assigned for that period for 2 minutes (multi-directional power brush) or as customary (manual brush control). Subjects were then re-examined for TMQHPI post-brushing to determine the plaque removal efficacy of the respective brushes. A washout phase of 2-5 days separated treatment periods. TMQHPI scores were averaged on a per-subject basis, and analyzed using a mixed model analysis of covariance for a crossover design.
All 36 randomized subjects completed the study and were fully evaluable. Both the multi-directional power and manual control brushes produced statistically significant mean whole mouth TMQHPI plaque reductions compared to baseline (P < 0.001). Comparing the brushes, the power brush provided a 7.9% significantly superior mean whole mouth plaque reduction relative to the manual brush control (P= 0.003). Both toothbrushes were well-tolerated.

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Available from: Hans Timm, Jan 22, 2014
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    ABSTRACT: Aim: The primary objective was to determine, based on the available published evidence, the efficacy of powered toothbrushing following a brushing exercise and secondary to what magnitude this effect is dependent on the plaque index score, power supply and mode of action. Material and methods: The PubMed-MEDLINE and Cochrane CENTRAL databases were searched through and up to August 2014 to identify appropriate studies. The outcome measurement was the weighted mean (WM) percentage plaque score reduction of a full-mouth assessment following subject brushing. Results: The search yielded 2420 titles and abstracts. Ultimately, 58 articles with 146 brushing exercises as separate legs were selected. The overall effect of a powered brushing exercise provides a 46% WM plaque score reduction. One hundred and six experiments provided data as assessed according to the Quigley and Hein plaque index. The WM reduction from baseline in plaque scores was 36%. A WM plaque score reduction of 65% was observed in 39 experiments using the Navy plaque index. Subanalysis on power supply and mode of action showed WM plaque score reductions ranging from 33% up to 71% depending on plaque index score. Conclusion: The efficacy in plaque removal following a brushing exercise using a powered toothbrush provides a WM plaque score reduction of 46% on average, with a range of 36-65% dependent on the index scale to score plaque. The available evidence indicates that the power supply (rechargeable or replaceable battery), mode of action, as well as brushing duration and type of instructions are factors which contribute to the variation in the observed efficacy.
    No preview · Article · Jun 2012 · International Journal of Dental Hygiene
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    ABSTRACT: Numerous laboratory and clinical studies have proven that certain power toothbrush technologies are more effective in removal of dental plaque and reduction of gingivitis than regular manual toothbrushes. Regardless of this evidence, there is still a large group of individuals who prefer the experience of a manual-like toothbrush. Recently a novel multi-directional power brush has been developed as an alternative for those people who favor the traditional size and shape of a manual toothbrush and prefer the manual brushing technique, but would benefit from the greater cleaning efficiency of the power brush. This unique multi-directional power toothbrush with triple-zone cleaning technology has been tested in multiple clinical trials. This special issue introduces the technical features of the brush and presents four clinical investigations conducted with this power toothbrush versus manual and sonic controls. The studies described in this issue demonstrate the superior efficacy of the multi-directional brush in plaque and gingivitis reduction relative to control brushes, even in the hard-to-reach interdental spaces and marginal areas.
    Preview · Article · Sep 2012 · American journal of dentistry