The Impact of Event Scale - Revised (IES-R)

The Hartford Institute for Geriatric Nursing, New York University, College of Nursing, USA.
Medsurg nursing: official journal of the Academy of Medical-Surgical Nurses 01/2008; 21(5):321-2.
Source: PubMed

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    ABSTRACT: On May 12, 2008, a magnitude 8.0 earthquake struck China's southwestern Sichuan province. Recent studies have identified mental health problems among the survivors, but little is known about the impact of the Sichuan earthquake on the mental health of new mothers in the area. The main objective was to assess the impact of the Sichuan earthquake on the posttraumatic stress disorders (PTSD) and depression of new mothers. A total of 317 new mothers were interviewed in the hospital from January 2009 to March 2009. Symptoms of PTSD were measured using the impact of event scale-revised, and symptoms of postpartum depression were measured using the Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression scale. The prevalence rates of PTSD and postpartum depression were 19.9% and 29.0%, respectively. Women with high earthquake exposure had higher risks of PTSD (odds ratio (OR), 5.91; 95% confidence interval (CI), 1.75-19.97; P < 0.001) and postpartum depression (OR, 7.28; 95% CI, 2.51-21.08; P < 0.001) than women without earthquake experience. In addition, women with low monthly family income and farm workers had a higher risk of having PTSD; women who were unemployed or with lower monthly family income and poor sleep had a higher risk of having depression. Earthquake experience increased the risks of having PTSD and depression among new mothers at 8 months later of the earthquake.
    No preview · Article · Feb 2012 · Archives of Women s Mental Health
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    ABSTRACT: The objective of the study was to examine trends in the prevalence of Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) in Wenchuan, China, over the four-year period following its 2008 earthquake, and to explore the risk factors related to current PTSD. Chi-square analysis and multivariate logistic regression analysis were used to assess PTSD morbidity and identify associated risk factors. The results indicated that the prevalence of PTSD was 58.2% at two months, 22.10% at 8 months, 19.8% at 14 months, 19.0% at 26 months, and 8.0% at about 44 months after the earthquake. Female gender, being married, low education, non-drinking, and poor self-perceived health status were significantly associated with PTSD during the early period following the earthquake. Depression was significantly associated with survivors' PTSD throughout the study period.
    Full-text · Article · Dec 2013 · Journal of anxiety disorders
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    ABSTRACT: To document the 6-month prevalence of posttraumatic stress syndrome (PTSS) in the older adult population and the validity of a PTSS Scale in an epidemiologic setting. Data came from the Enquête sur la santé des aînés et l'utilisation des services de santé (ESA Services Study) conducted during 2012-2013 using a probability sample of older adults seeking medical services in primary health clinics. Results showed that a first-order PTSS measurement model consisting of 3 indicators-the number of lifetime traumatic events, the frequency of reactions and symptoms of distress associated with the traumatic events, and the presence of consequences on the social functioning-was plausible. Reliability of the PTSS was 0.82. According to the PTSS, 11.1% of the older adult patients presented with PTSS, but only 21.7% of them reported an impact of their symptoms on their social functioning. The prevalence of older adults meeting the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fourth Edition, criteria for full posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) reached 1.8%, and 1.8% of older adults reached criteria for partial PTSD. Our results also showed that women were more at risk to report PTSS than men and that older adults aged 75 years and older were less likely to report these symptoms than those aged between 65 and 74 years. PTSS is a common mental health problem among adults aged 65 and older and seeking health services in the general medical sector.
    No preview · Article · Oct 2014 · Canadian journal of psychiatry. Revue canadienne de psychiatrie
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