Conference Paper

Medicinal value of Date palm (Phoenix dactylifera L.)

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Abstract Date palm (Phoenix dactylifera L.). Is a high energy value crop with a good nutritional value compared with tropical and sub-tropical fruits. The date palm parts such as seeds, leaves, pollen, fruits and trunk provide a remedy to a lot of ailments and nutritional value to human. Date palm is one of the most nutritious fruit both in tropics and subtropics this makes the fruit to have high recognition among other fruits. The date palm has a lot of medicinal uses which includes cold, fever, cystitis, edema, thore throat, bronchial catarrh, liver cancer, low sperm count and abdominal trouble to mention few. Seeds are used in a paste to relieve ague. Its gum (exudes from wounds) is used for the treatment of diarrhoea, it can counteract alcoholic intoxication, and its roots are used against tooth ache and pollen supply estrogens. A special variety known as Ajwah is the most medicinal date fruit in all the date palm varieties. Its high content of magnesium makes its consumers to have lowest rate of cancer diseases. The fruit is a natural source of folic acid, an important micro nutrient and independent risk factor for cardio vascular disease. Because of its tannin content, is used medicinally as a detersive and astringent in intestinal troubles. The high fibre content of the date fruit aid in digestion and evacuation.

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... Date fruits are excellent dietary sources of energy and fibre and are sometimes considered one of the staple foods of the region. Different date palm products, such as fruits, pollens, leaves, seeds and trunks, are considered to have medicinal properties [4]. The date fruit can be defined as a fleshy pericarp containing one seed [5]. ...
... In the case of SKFE, the regression analyses of the collected data revealed that all SFE parameters had significant effects (p < 0.05) on the yield of SKFE and the total model was mainly affected by linear and quadratic terms. The total model was highly significant (p = 0.001), and a full model can be presented using Equation (4). The R 2 value for this model was 0.9291. ...
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Saudi Arabia is one of the major producers of date (Phoenix dactylifera) fruit. Date fruit flesh is considered a healthy food due to the presence of natural antioxidants. Green and innovative supercritical fluid (SFE, 52.5 °C temperature, 27.50 MPa pressure, 5 mL CO2/min flow rate) and subcritical (SubCO2, 250 extraction cycles, 29 °C temperature, 6.8 MPa, 12 h, ethanol solvent) extraction techniques were used to produce flesh extracts from four Saudi date fruits (Sukari (SKFE), Ambara (AMFE), Majdool (MJFE) and Sagai (SGFE)), and extracts prepared using 6 h Soxhlet extraction at 70 °C for 16 h using n-hexane as solvent, were taken as control. SFE produced the highest (p < 0.05) extract yields, whereas the SubCO2 method recovered significantly higher (p < 0.05) amounts of phytochemicals. Total phenolics (186.37–447.31 mg GAE/100 g), total flavonoids (82.12–215.28 mg QE/100 g), total anthocyanins (0.41–1.34 mg/100 g), and total carotenoid (1.24–2.85 mg BCE/100 g) were quantified in all the flesh extracts. The biological properties evaluation showed that flesh extracts had high antioxidant (17.79–45.08 µg AAE/mL), antiradical (191.36–34.66 µg/mL DPPH IC50), ferric-reducing (2.18–5.01 mmol TE/100 g) and ABTS-scavenging (444.75–883.96 µmol TE/100 g) activities. SubCO2 was the best technique and Majdool the best date variety, in terms of both phytochemicals and biological properties.
... Date palm is extensively grown in dry areas because it can tolerate drought and salinity, and can grow well in alkaline soils [3,4]. The fruit of date palm is a main source of macro-and micronutrients, providing nutritional fiber, soluble sugars, and an ample supply of lipids, proteins and carbohydrates [5,6]. Certain varieties such as Ajwa, Medjool, and Amber are considered to have a high value due to unique characteristics such as their taste, size and texture. ...
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Date palm (Phoenix dactylifera L.) is a considerably beneficial and economically profitable fruit crop. Female date palm plants produce fruit that is rich in fiber and sugar. Date palm is propagated by two means: suckers and seed. The propagation of date palm through seeds is very necessary for germplasm conservation and breeding. The late reproductive age (4–5 years) and dioecious nature of date palm make genetic improvement and breeding difficult. Early sex determination is the only way to improve breeding by selecting experimental male and female plants at the seedling stage. The primers for Tapetum Determinant 1 (TPD1-like) were designed using Amplify software. The DNA amplification of selected date palm suckers of three genotypes (Ajwa, Amber, and Medjool) was observed through PCR. Expression profiling of selected genotypes was carried out through semi-q PCR and RT-PCR by using the cDNA of suckers and unknown seedlings. Different in silico analyses were performed for the gene and protein characterization and identification of cis-acting elements in the promoter region. The promoter was identified along with the protein’s properties and functionality. The expression of TPD1-like gene was found in the leaves of three selected genotypes of male sucker and in some plants of selected unknown seedlings that are considered male plants, and no expression was observed in female suckers and unknown seedlings that are considered female plants. The findings suggested that the TPD1-like gene has the potential for sex differentiation at the seedling stage, as the TPD1-like gene is essential to the specialization of tapetal cells and plays a critical role in plant reproduction.
... The stage of maturity, yield, physical condition, flavor, texture, and nutritive value is affected by agricultural practices and climatic conditions. Moreover, date seeds, leaves, pollen, fruits, and trunks are used to treat a variety of ailments [4]. The fruit comprises a fleshy pericarp and one seed, which constitutes 10-15% of its weight [5]. ...
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Abstract: Many recent studies in the field of cosmetics have focused on organically sourced substances. Products made from organic materials are safe, high quality, cruelty-free, and more effective than those made from synthetic materials. Many organic compounds are known to be physiologically active in humans and have an extended storage capacity and long-lasting environmental effects. Agro-industrial waste has recently increased substantially, and the disposal of date palm waste, often performed in primitive ways such as burning, is harmful to the environment. Fruit processing industries generate over 10% of the total date seed waste daily, which could be converted into useful food products. Date fruit and seed are rich in sugar, vitamins, fiber, minerals, and phenolic compounds with antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties that significantly promote human and animal health. This waste is rich in bioactive compounds and essential oils used in many kinds of food, medicine, and cosmetics. Most active cosmetic ingredients come from natural sources such as fruit, fish, and dairy, and recent research shows that date extract and seed oil help to reduce melanin, eczema, acne, and dry patches, while increasing skin moisture and elasticity. This review details the bioactive compounds and nutraceutical properties of date fruit and seed, and their use as cosmetic ingredients.
... The considerable medicinal potential has led to the development of various commercial formulations such as pharmaceutical, foods, juices, healthcare products and original shape for the purpose human health. The parts of date palm such as fruit, pollen, seeds, trunk and leaves provide an antidot to a lot of illnesses and nutritional values to human (Abdullahi et al., 2012). The whole parts of P.dactylifera L. are valuable, and the by-products arising from dates processing can be used for multiple ways. ...
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The study aimed to review the challenges and opportunities of mass productivity scale (MPS) for the dates (Phoenix dactylifera L.) farm in Malaysia. The review on site and document was done to drill the issues faced by dates palm farmers. The common issues affecting dates farm in Malaysia are insect pest attack, import permit, lack of expertise, and climate and soil requirements. In a united response, the government should form the National Dates Palm Centre (NDPC) which will explore opportunities to address issues faced by the dates palm sector in Malaysia.
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