Article

Trends in Clinical Presentation, Management, and Mortality of Blunt Aortic Traumatic Injury Over an 18-Year Period

Vascular and Endovascular Surgery (Impact Factor: 0.66). 12/2012; 47(1). DOI: 10.1177/1538574412469286
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT

Background:
The purpose of our study was to assess whether the trends in management of blunt thoracic aortic injury (BTAI) have changed its outcomes over the years.

Methods:
We reviewed data of 88 (0.3%) adult patients with BTAI from January 1993 to December 2010. Primary end points were trends in presentation and time to repair and early morbidity and mortality.

Results:
Of all, 63 (72%) patients with BTAI were male (age, 38 ± 17). The yearly distribution of cases and severity of associated injuries remain stable. Of all, 16 (21%) patients had no intervention, 47 (63%) underwent open repair, and 12 (16%) underwent endovascular treatment. The postoperative mortality has decreased from 29% to 9% and the time from presentation to repair has increased from 6 to 14 hours during the study period.

Conclusions:
The incidence of BTAI remains stable with a reduction in postoperative mortality rate and an increasing number of delayed interventions over the past 18 years.

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