An international study on the standardization of fibrin clot permeability measurement: Methodological considerations and implications for healthy control values

Centre of Excellence for Nutrition, North-West University, Potchefstroom, South Africa.
Journal of Thrombosis and Haemostasis (Impact Factor: 5.72). 10/2012; 10(10):2179-81. DOI: 10.1111/j.1538-7836.2012.04883.x
Source: PubMed
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    ABSTRACT: The fibrin clot permeability coefficient (Ks) is a useful measure of porosity of the fibrin network, which is determined by a number of genetic and environmental factors. Currently available methods to evaluate Ks are time-consuming, require constant supervision and provide only one parameter. We present an automated method in which drops are weighed individually, buffer is dosed by the pump and well defined clot washing is controlled by the software. The presence of a straight association between drop mass and their dripping time allows to shorten the measurement time twice. In 40 healthy individuals, Ks, the number of drops required to reach the plateau (DTP), the time to achieve the plateau (TTP) and the DTP/TTP ratio (DTR) were calculated. There was a positive association between Ks (r = 0.69, P < 0.0001) evaluated by using the manual [median of 4.17 (3.60-5.18) ·10 cm) and the automated method [median of 4.35 (3.74-5.38) ·10 cm]. The correlation was stronger (r = 0.85, P < 0.001) in clots with DTP of 7 or less (n = 12). DTP was associated with total homocysteine (tHcy) (r = 0.35, P < 0.05) and activated partial thromboplastin time (APTT) (r = -0.34, P < 0.05), TTP with Ks (r = -0.55, P < 0.01 for the manual method and r = -0.44, P < 0.01 for the automated method) and DTP (r = 0.75, P < 0.0001), and DTR with Ks (r = 0.70, P < 0.0001 for the manual method and r = 0.76, P < 0.0001 for the automated method), fibrinogen (r = -0.58, P < 0.0001) and C-reactive protein (CRP) (r = -0.47, P < 0.01). The automated method might be a suitable tool for research and clinical use and may offer more additional parameters describing fibrin clot structure.
    No preview · Article · Nov 2014 · Blood coagulation & fibrinolysis: an international journal in haemostasis and thrombosis
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    ABSTRACT: Atrial fibrillation (AF) is a prothrombotic condition, involving increased thrombin generation and fibrinogen concentrations. Vitamin K antagonists (VKAs) prevent arterial thromboembolism if optimal anticoagulation is achieved by individualised drug doses, assessed by determining the Prothrombin time-related International Normalized Ratio (Pt-INR). There is evidence that formation of tight-laced fibrin networks is pathogenic in prothrombotic diseases. This study was performed among AF patients, to test whether long-term treatment with VKAs affects the structure of fibrin networks, and whether the effect is altered by employing different coagulation triggers: exogenous thrombin (1 IU/ml), 10 pM tissue factor (TF) or a commercial Pt-INR reagent (containing 400-fold more TF). In the thrombin-based method, fibrin network porosity (scanning electron microscopy) and liquid permeability (flow measurements) correlated inversely to fibrinogen concentrations, while positive correlations to the degree of anticoagulation were shown with the Pt-INR reagent. In the method with 10 pM TF, the two above relationships were detected, though the influence of Pt-INR was more profound than that of fibrinogen concentrations. Moreover, greater shortening of clot lysis time (CLT) arose from more permeable clots. As a coagulation trigger, 10 pM TF vs exogenous thrombin or the Pt-INR reagent is more informative in reflecting the in vivo process from thrombin generation to fibrin formation. Since fibrin network permeability rose in parallel to elevations of INR and shortening of CLT in AF patients, antithrombotic effects on prevention of thrombotic complications may be achieved from impairment of thrombin generation, resulting in formation of permeable clots susceptible to fibrinolysis.
    Full-text · Article · Dec 2014 · Thrombosis and Haemostasis
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    ABSTRACT: The presence and amount of the proteins within a plasma clot may influence clot properties, like susceptibility to fibrinolysis, however, the clot proteome has not yet been extensively described. The aim of the study was to investigate the protein composition of clots of four patients with acute myocardial infarction (AMI) in two time points: in the acute ischemic phase and two months later during the standard therapy. Shotgun proteomic method (2DLC-MS/MS) was used to investigate time-dependent protein composition changes of clots prepared ex vivo from citrated plasma of the peripheral blood of patients with AMI. Proteomic analysis revealed a total number of 62 proteins identified in all 8 samples grouping into several distinct functional clusters (e.g. cholesterol transporter activity, immunoglobulin binding and peptidase regulatory activity). The protein signatures of clots differed significantly depending on time after ACS, showing 30% greater variability in protein composition of the clots prepared in the plasma two months after the onset of AMI. Several proteins potentially involved in clot formation and resolution showed an interesting pattern of changes over time. We provided the first qualitative analysis of proteomes of fibrin clots generated ex vivo in plasma taken from patients with AMI showing differences between clots generated in the acute ischemic phase and those prepared two months later. It might be hypothesized that differences involving proteins of potential influence on within-clot fibrinolysis and clot stability may partially explain time-dependent changes in the clots structure and firmness in patients with AMI. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
    No preview · Article · Feb 2015 · Thrombosis Research
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