Sexual Dating Aggression Across Grades 8 Through 12: Timing and Predictors of Onset

ArticleinJournal of Youth and Adolescence 42(4) · November 2012with20 Reads
DOI: 10.1007/s10964-012-9864-6 · Source: PubMed
Investigators have identified a number of factors that increase risk for physical and psychological dating abuse perpetration during adolescence, but as yet little is known about the etiology of sexual dating aggression during this critical developmental period. This is an important gap in the literature given that research suggests that patterns of sexual dating violence that are established during this period may carry over into young adulthood. Using a sample of 459 male adolescents (76 % White, 19 % Black), the current study used survival analysis to examine the timing and predictors of sexual dating aggression perpetration onset across grades 8 through 12. Risk for sexual dating aggression onset increased across early adolescence, peaked in the 10th grade, and desisted thereafter. As predicted based on the Confluence Model of sexual aggression, associations between early physical aggression towards peers and dates and sexual aggression onset were stronger for teens reporting higher levels of rape myth acceptance. Contrary to predictions, inter-parental violence, prior victimization experiences, and parental monitoring knowledge did not predict sexual dating aggression onset. Findings support the notion that risk factors may work synergistically to predict sexual dating aggression and highlight the importance of rape myth acceptance as a construct that should be addressed by violence prevention programs.
    • "However, none of our participants referred to their coercive experiences in providing their reasons for sexual (or romantic) avoidance. It may be that these adolescents did not identify these experiences as sexually coercive given the pervasiveness of sexual assault related myths (Byers 1996; Reyes and Foshee 2013). Alternately, they may not have linked their avoidance decision to their coercive experiences because the effects of experiencing 840 J Youth Adolescence (2016) 45:831–845 123 "
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Researchers have given significant attention to abstinence among adolescents, but far less is known about purposeful avoidance of sexual activity (and relationship involvement). Typically, it is assumed that, once adolescents have initiated sexual activity, they will thereafter engage in sexual activity if given the opportunity. However, it is unclear whether that is true as some research indicates that many adolescents engage in sexual activity intermittently. Sexually experienced adolescents may purposefully avoid engaging in sexual activity for a period of time and, if so, this has implications for understanding their sexual decision-making. We used a mixed methods approach to investigate sexually experienced adolescents’ decisions to purposefully avoid further sexual activity and/or romantic relationships with a focus on how common these decisions are and factors influencing them. Participants were 411 (56 % female) adolescents (16–21 years old) who completed an on-line survey that assessed reasons for each type of avoidance, religiosity, sexual esteem, sexual distress, sexual coercion, and dysfunctional sexual beliefs. Overall, 27 % of participants had engaged in sexual avoidance and 47 % had engaged in romantic avoidance. Significantly more female than male adolescents reported sexual and romantic avoidance. Adolescents’ reasons for sexual avoidance included: lack of sexual pleasure or enjoyment, relationship reasons, negative emotions, values, fear of negative outcomes, negative physical experience, and other priorities. Reasons for romantic avoidance included: effects of previous relationship, not interested in commitment, wrong time, other priorities, negative emotions, no one was good enough, and sexual concerns. Logistical regressions were used to assess associations between age, religiosity, sexual esteem, sexual distress, experience of sexual coercion, and dysfunctional sexual beliefs and having engaged in romantic and/or sexual avoidance. The female adolescents who had avoided sexual activity were more likely to have experienced sexual coercion. The male adolescents who had avoided sexual activity were more religious and likely to have experienced sexual coercion. The male adolescents who had avoided romantic relationships were more sexually distressed and likely to have experienced sexual coercion. No associations were found for romantic avoidance among female adolescents. These results reflect considerable agency in the decision-making of adolescents in intimate contexts. They are discussed in terms of their challenge to current discourses about rampant adolescent sexuality as well as their implications for education and prevention interventions that incorporate personal choice and decision-making into their protocols.
    Article · Mar 2016
    • "These mental health disorders are enduring, thus making them more at risk of repeat victimization (Maker, Kemmelmeier & Peterson, 2001), or to develop eating disorders, social phobias, substance abuse problems, and suicide risk. Victims of CSV are also more likely to enter into abusive relationships as adults (Reyes & Foshee, 2013). Physical consequences of SV can be severe and enduring. "
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: This book explores violence in America, including: Gun Violence, Sexual Violence, Workplace Violence, Domestic Violence, Intimate Partner Violence, Domestic Terrorism, Sports Violence, Police Brutality, Rampage Killings and the War Against ISIL.
    Full-text · Book · Jan 2016 · Research in the Teaching of English
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: While grand claims have been made for the power of literature, there is a dearth of experimental research in English education examining the effects of reading literature - and specifically young adult literature - on students, attitudes and moral development. Little work of any kind has been done on the efficacy of literary interventions in reducing adolescents, rape myth acceptance. In response, this study examined the capacity of a dialogically organized, reader response-based literary unit focused on the young adult novel Speak to reduce adolescents, rape myth acceptance. An experimental design was used with eighth-grade English language arts students in seven classes that were randomly assigned to treatment or control. Rape myth acceptance was measured using the Rape Myth Acceptance Scale (Burt, 1980) and a researcher-created scale, the Adolescent Rape Myth Scale (ARMS). Results revealed that girls had significantly lower levels of pretest rape myth acceptance than boys, that intervention significantly lowered participants, rape myth acceptance, and that there was no backlash to treatment. Factor analysis revealed a two-component solution for the ARMS representing common rape myths; further analysis found that treatment was more effective in reducing the component She Wanted It than the component She Lied. The results demonstrate the instructional value of young adult literature, support the use of reader response-based dialogic instruction, and show it is possible to effectively address topics such as rape at the middle school level. I argue that future research should examine whether similar literary units can affect attitudinal constructs such as homophobia, tolerance of bullying, and attitudes toward disabilities. The potential marginalization of this type of literary instruction due to current educational reforms is also discussed. Copyright © 2014 by the National Council of Teachers of English. All right reserved.
    Article · May 2014
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