Challenges of Establishing Routine Influenza Sentinel Surveillance in Ethiopia, 2008-2010

ArticleinThe Journal of Infectious Diseases 206 Suppl 1(S1):S41-5 · December 2012with30 Reads
Impact Factor: 6.00 · DOI: 10.1093/infdis/jis531 · Source: PubMed

    Abstract

    Ethiopia launched influenza surveillance in November 2008. By October 2010, 176 patients evaluated at 5 sentinel health facilities
    in Addis Ababa met case definitions for influenza-like illness or severe acute respiratory illness (SARI). Most patients (131
    [74%]) were children aged 0–4 years. Twelve patients (7%) were positive for influenza virus. Most patients (109 [93%]) were
    aged <5 years, of whom only 3 (2.8%) had laboratory-confirmed influenza. Low awareness of influenza by healthcare workers,
    misperceptions regarding case definitions, and insufficient human resources at sites could have potentially led to many missed
    cases, resulting in suboptimal surveillance.