Ultrasound Investigation and the Eye

†University of Miami, Miller School of Medicine, Miami, .
Anesthesiology (Impact Factor: 5.88). 12/2012; 117(6):1396-7. DOI: 10.1097/ALN.0b013e318272d78b
Source: PubMed
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    ABSTRACT: The literature survey 2012 is based on 1426 papers found in the databases MEDLINE and EMBASE with the keywords “thermography” or “thermometry” “temperature measurement” or “thermotherapy” or ‘skin temperature’ or ‘core temperature’ and restricted to “human” and “included in the databases between 01.01 and 31.12. 2012”. 37.9 percent of papers of this review are originated from Europe and 95.3 percent of all papers are written in English. 238 controlled studies using some kind of temperature measurement were included in this survey. Pharmacology, Internal Medicine, Cancer andNeurology&Psychiatry were the predominant fields of applications of temperature measurement in medicine. As in previous years, therapeutic hypothermia and hyperthermia treatment was the topic of many papers. Fever attracted also a high number of publications. Although the term “breast” appeared in 77 publications, only minority of those were related to breast thermography. Some articles were found for the complex regional pain syndrome and Raynaud´s phenomenon and new applications of medical thermography have been reported.
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    ABSTRACT: Background: Retrobulbar anaesthesia is a valuable alternative not only for polymorbid and haemodynamically compromised patients. Complications are rare but may be devastating. Methods: Principally, any intraocular surgery can be made under local anaesthesia. There are only a few contraindications to regional anaesthesia such as denial against regional anaesthesia, allergy to local anaesthetics, local infection, severe orthopnea, insufficiently controlled psychiatric disorders or small children and non-cooperative patients. Results: The success rate of retrobulbar anaesthesia in terms of control of intraoperative discomfort approaches 100 % with an intraconal injection in 94 % and a distribution of fluid into the intraconal space in 97 %. Conclusion: Based on the recent literature, the present review compares techniques, describes possible complications and in the absence of evidence-based studies provides suggestions for the handling of patients under thrombocyte aggregation inhibitor and vitamin K antagonist therapy and anticoagulation. Georg Thieme Verlag KG Stuttgart · New York.
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