Understanding the Erythrocyte Storage Lesion

Hematology Branch, National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, Maryland. .
Anesthesiology (Impact Factor: 5.88). 12/2012; 117(6):1159-61. DOI: 10.1097/ALN.0b013e318272d8ac
Source: PubMed
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Available from: Gregory James Kato, Dec 01, 2014
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    ABSTRACT: Transfusing RBCs stored for longer than 14 days (old RBC) in humans is common. This transfusion can injure organs, such as lungs and kidneys. We determined whether transfusion with old RBC injured brain. Prospective, controlled animal study. University research laboratory. Adult male Sprague-Dawley rats. Six-month-old Sprague-Dawley rats lost 20% total blood volume and then received RBC prepared from equal volume of the lost blood. RBC was stored for 1 day (fresh RBC) or 7 days (old RBC, storage lesions similar to those of human RBC stored for 28 d). Some rats received IV cell-free hemoglobin. These rats were not subjected to hemorrhage and RBC transfusion. Rats were subjected to Barnes maze and fear conditioning tests from 1 week after blood transfusion. Rats transfused with old RBC but not fresh RBC took a longer time to identify the target hole in the Barnes maze and had less context-related fear conditioning behavior than control rats. Old RBC significantly increased interleukin 6 and ionized calcium-binding adapter molecule 1 in the hippocampus at 24 hours after the transfusion. These effects were attenuated by sulforaphane and minocycline, an antibiotic with anti-inflammatory property. Old RBC solution had a higher concentration of cell-free hemoglobin. Sulforaphane increased haptoglobin, a chelator of cell-free hemoglobin. Rats that received cell-free hemoglobin had a pattern of neuroinflammation and impairment of learning and memory similar to that of rats that received old RBC. These results provide initial evidence to suggest that transfusion of old RBC induces neuroinflammation and impairment of learning and memory. These effects may be mediated by cell-free hemoglobin.
    No preview · Article · Apr 2015 · Critical care medicine