Pancreatic hamartoma diagnosed after surgical resection

Department of Surgery, Chonnam National University Medical School, Gwangju, Korea.
Journal of the Korean Surgical Society 11/2012; 83(5):330-4. DOI: 10.4174/jkss.2012.83.5.330
Source: PubMed


A pancreatic hamartoma is a rare benign lesion that may be mistaken for malignancy. A pancreatic hamartoma can present with vague, non-specific symptoms, which can be difficult to diagnose despite modern diagnostic tools. We report here a pancreatic hamartoma diagnosed after surgical resection. A 52-year-old female presented with postprandial abdominal discomfort. Abdominal computed tomography and pancreatic magnetic resonance imaging revealed a 2.2 × 2.5-cm cystic mass in the pancreatic head. The patient underwent a pylorus-preserving pancreaticoduodenectomy. The histopathological and immunohistochemical studies helped make the diagnosis of pancreatic hamartoma. Here, we report a case of pancreatic hamartoma and review the relevant medical literature.

Download full-text


Available from: Yang Seok Koh
  • Source
    • "Pancreatic cancer is the fourth leading cause of cancer-related deaths in the United States with a median survival of 6 months and a dismal 5-year survival rate of 5% (Braat et al., 2012; Jemal et al., 2011; Kim et al., 2012). As conventional cancer treatments have little impact on disease course, almost all patients having pancreatic cancer develop metastases and death (Bilimoria et al., 2007; Cascinu et al., 2009). "
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Gemcitabine is currently the most effective agent against advanced pancreatic cancer. However, the major therapeutic hurdles using gemcitabine include rapid inactivation by blood deaminases and fast development of cell chemoresistance, induced by down-regulation of deoxycytidine kinase or nucleoside transporters. To overcome the above drawbacks we designed recently a novel nanomedicine strategy based on squalenoyl prodrug of 5'-monophosphate gemcitabine (SQdFdC-MP). This amphiphilic conjugate self-organized in water into unilamellar vesicles with a mean diameter of 100nm. In this study the antitumor efficacy of SQdFdC-MP nanoassemblies (NAs) on chemoresistant and chemosensitive pancreatic adenocarcinoma models have been investigated. Cell viability assays showed that SQdFdC-MP NAs displayed higher antiproliferative and cytotoxic effects, particularly in chemoresistant pancreatic tumor cells. In in vivo studies, SQdFdC-MP NAs decreased significantly the growth (∼70%) of human MiaPaCa2 xenografts, also preventing tumor cell invasion, whereas native dFdC did not display any anticancer activity when tumor growth inhibition was only 35% with SQdFdC NAs. These results correlated with a reduction of Ki-67 antigen and the induction of apoptosis mediated by caspase-3 activation in tumor cells. These findings demonstrated the feasibility of utilizing SQdFdC-MP NAs to make tumor cells more sensitive to gemcitabine and thus providing an efficient new therapeutic alternative for pancreatic adenocarcinoma. Copyright © 2014 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
    Full-text · Article · Nov 2014 · International Journal of Pharmaceutics
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: In some patients with tumors located in the pancreas or in the periampullary region, the decision to perform a surgical resection can be difficult. In patients with concomitant chronic pancreatitis this decision can be even more challenging, since a definitive preoperative differentiation between non-malignant and malignant tumors in many cases is not possible. Clinical symptoms or complications from the tumor often direct a rational treatment strategy. For therapeutic decisions, an interdisciplinary discussion of all diagnostic findings by experienced clinicians is needed. However, in rare cases, like the one presented here, an uncommon non-malignant entity like a periampullary hamartoma may be only diagnosed after surgical resection.
    No preview · Article · May 2013 · Pancreatology
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: We report a case of pancreatic hamartoma-like solitary fibrous tumor which was differentiated from pancreatic hamartoma with the detection of NAB2-STAT6 fusion, a specific mutation for solitary fibrous tumors. A pancreatic well-demarcated solid nodule, 21 × 17 mm, of 82-year-old man was surgically enucleated. Microscopic findings were close to a pancreatic hamartoma that consisted of sparsely distributed pancreatic ducts and acini in heavily collagenized fibrous stroma. Neither islet nor peripheral nerve existed in the tumor. The fibroblastic cells in the stroma were immune-positive for CD34, CD99, and bcl-2. But these expressions were not decisive in the differentiation between solitary fibrous tumor and pancreatic hamartoma, because CD34 was positive for both tumors, and CD99 and bcl-2 expressions were not elucidated in the previous cases of pancreatic hamartomas. Thus, we evaluated NAB2-STAT6 fusion. The fibroblastic cells were positive for STAT6 and sequencing analysis revealed the gene fusion between NAB2 exon 4 and STAT6 exon 2, with which the final diagnos is of solitary fibrous tumor was achieved. In conclusion, detection of NAB2-STAT6 fusion has a great diagnostic value for pancreatic solitary fibrous tumors with hamartoma-like features.
    Full-text · Article · Oct 2015
Show more