Predictive Monitoring for respiratory decompensation leading to urgent unplanned intubation in the neonatal intensive care unit

Department of Chemical Engineering, University of Virginia, Charlottesville, VA 22904.
Pediatric Research (Impact Factor: 2.31). 11/2012; 73(1). DOI: 10.1038/pr.2012.155
Source: PubMed


Infants admitted to the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU), and especially those born with very low birth weight (VLBW; <1500 grams), are at risk for respiratory decompensation requiring endotracheal intubation and mechanical ventilation. Intubation and mechanical ventilation are associated with increased morbidity, particularly in urgent unplanned cases.Methods
We tested the hypothesis that the systemic response associated with respiratory decompensation can be detected from physiological monitoring, and that statistical models of bedside monitoring data can identify infants at increased risk of urgent, unplanned intubation. We studied 287 VLBW infants consecutively admitted to our NICU and found 96 events in 51 patients, excluding intubations occurring within 12 hours of a previous extubation.ResultsIn order of importance in a multivariable statistical model, we found the characteristics of reduced O(2) saturation, especially as heart rate was falling, increased heart rate correlation with respiratory rate, and the amount of apnea all were significant independent predictors. The predictive model, validated internally by bootstrap, had receiver-operating characteristic area of 0.84 + 0.04.Conclusions
We propose that predictive monitoring in the NICU for urgent unplanned intubation may improve outcomes by allowing clinicians to intervene non-invasively before intubation is required.Pediatric Research (2012); doi:10.1038/pr.2012.155.

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Available from: Douglas E Lake, Oct 07, 2014
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