Use of biological prostheses in transplant patients with incisional hernias. Preliminary experience
AIM: The use of synthetic mesh in transplant patients is still under debate. In this paper the authors report their preliminary experience on biological prosthesis for surgical treatment of incisional hernias in transplant patients. MATERIAL OF STUDY: Between 2009-2010, 10 patients with incisional hernia underwent surgery using a biological prosthesis (porcine dermis collagen). All patients were transplanted: 9 kidney transplants and 1 liver transplant. RESULTS: In all patients postoperative course was uneventful and were not observed complications related to surgery, kind of prosthesis or transplanted organs. At follow up, laparoplasty was associated with good functional outcome. DISCUSSION: Transplant patients are at risk for use of synthetic prostheses, as immunosuppressed. In our preliminary experience biological prostheses compared to synthetic ones showed a greater ability to integrate into tissues, to resist bacterial colonization and to reduce cytotoxic or allergenic reactions, providing similar functional results. Moreover it must be added that biological prostheses did not require reductions/suspensions of immunosuppressive therapy and resulted to be versatile. All these features are particularly sought in incisional hernias surgery of transplanted patients. CONCLUSIONS: Surgery of incisional hernias in transplanted patients requires a prosthesis with characteristics as close as possible to the ideal one and, in this sense, biological prostheses would seem to outweigh synthetic ones. In our experience, biological prostheses have shown to be safe, effective and reliable; therefore they seem to be able to open new horizons in the treatment of wall defects in this group of patients. KEY WORDS: Biological prostheses, Incisionel hernia, Transplantation.
Available from: Federico Coccolini
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ABSTRACT: The risk of fascial dehiscence, wound infection and incisional hernias in organ recipients is higher. Retrospective analysis of our departments database, checking the last 12 years (2000-2012), and of the literature (1966-2012) were conducted. In our database we found seven patients: five liver (71.4 %), one kidney (14.3 %), one multivisceral (14.3 %); five males (71.4 %), two females (28.6 %). Five (71.4 %) were operated in urgency setting and two in ordinary setting (28.6 %). The mean/median number of laparotomies before the incisional hernia is of 2.1/1 (range 1-5). In five patients swine intestinal submucosa (71.4 %) have been used and in two porcine dermal collagen (28.6 %). The mean/median age was 48.3/52 years (range 18-61). The mean/median body mass index was 26.7/27 (range 19-34). The mean/median for follow-up after intervention was 40.1/33 months (range 50-21). Recurrence rate was 14.3 %. Complication rate was 28.6 %. Adding the present report, the literature reports 70 cases. 20 % of prosthesis have been implanted inlay, 25.7 % underlay, in 5.7 % intraperitoneal and in 48.6 % were not specified. The mean age ranges from 0.7 to 48.3 years. Kidney, liver, pancreas, bowel and multivisceral transplant are reported. Porcine dermal collagen has been implanted in 24.3 %, human dermal collagen in 51.4 % and swine intestinal submucosa in 24.3 %. The immunosuppression regimens comprehend variable associations of tacrolimus, steroids, mycophenolate mofetil, sirolimus, thymoglobulin, azathioprine/basiliximab and daclizumab. The mean follow-up is 16.2 months. The mean complication rate is 9.4 %. Biological prosthesis seems to be useful and safe in abdominal wall repair surgery in transplanted patients.
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Fluid effusion (blood, lymph, or urine) in kidney transplantation may give rise to several complications, directly, such as hematoma, seroma, lymphocele, and/or urinoma, or consequently, such as increased infection risk, longer hospital stay, graft compression—with or without functional impairment—and necessity of further hospitalizations. The aim of this study was to evaluate effectiveness of hemostatic biomaterials in prevention of fluid effusions, especially lymphocele in kidney transplant patients.
We selected 40 patients who underwent kidney transplantation from 2009 to 2012 in which we used hemostatic biomaterials, and compared their results with those of other transplant patients from our center in which we did not used these biomaterials. Evaluated parameters were: fluid effusion, graft function, quality and quantity of drainage, blood count, and operative time.
There was no difference in operative time. The incidence of complications on which biomaterials can have a role decreased; particularly, we observed a reduction from 24.21% to 7.5% of fluid effusions (lymphocele). There was no evidence of complications due to biomaterials.
Hemostasis is important in surgery, and in kidney transplantations lymphostasis also has a significant role. In addition to the traditional hemostatic methods, recently some biomaterials, with the purpose of providing atraumatic hemostasis, were added. In our experience they are easy to use, and their use has proved to be effective for both hemostasis and lymphostasis with consequent reduction of fluid effusions.
Available from: Michele Santangelo
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ABSTRACT: Complete abdominal wall infiltration with neoplastic gastrocutaneous fistula is an unexpected and out of the ordinary presentation of locally advanced gastric cancer. It is very rare to encounter case reports presenting diffuse abdominal wall invasion, but a complete parietal destruction is an exceptional event.
Here we describe the case of an 81-year-old Caucasian woman presenting a carcinoma perforating her anterior gastric wall and infiltrating all layers of her abdominal wall. The gastric tumor infiltrated her transverse mesocolon, the rectus abdominis muscles bilaterally and overran them anteriorly, causing a large parietal deficit and a complete external fistula. Treatment consisted of a complex surgical procedure requiring general and reconstructive surgery cooperation in order to perform an en bloc gastric resection including colon and abdominal wall, followed by a parietal reconstruction through positioning of prosthesis and reverse abdominoplasty.
Clinical presentation, histology and therapeutic options are discussed. The importance of a multidisciplinary approach when encountering extremely rare clinical presentations is emphasized.
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