‘If only I'd known about this years ago stress and time management workshops for people recovering from mental illness

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This paper, in reporting a series of successful workshops in stress and time management offered to people recovering from mental illness considers reasons why such training can be helpful. The membership and content of the workshops, as well as consumer feedback are described and discussed. The suggestion is that such training could become part of social work practice.

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The purpose of this article is to determine whether the positive association between social support and well-being is attributable more to an overall beneficial effect of support (main- or direct-effect model) or to a process of support protecting persons from potentially adverse effects of stressful events (buffering model). The review of studies is organized according to (a) whether a measure assesses support structure or function, and (b) the degree of specificity (vs. globality) of the scale. By structure we mean simply the existence of relationships, and by function we mean the extent to which one’s interpersonal relationships provide particular resources. Special attention is paid to methodological characteristics that are requisite for a fair comparison of the models. The review concludes that there is evidence consistent with both models. Evidence for a buffering model is found when the social support measure assesses the perceived availability of interpersonal resources that are responsive to the needs elicited by stressful events. Evidence for a main effect model is found when the support measure assesses a person’s degree of integration in a large social network. Both conceptualizations of social support are correct in some respects, but each represents a different process through which social support may affect well-being. Implications of these conclusions for theories of social support processes and for the design of preventive interventions are discussed.
This paper considers the need for and the content of stress and time management workshops for qualifying social workers. The author is interested in developing these ideas into a course module in Professional Self Management and in stimulating interest and debate in this area.
A great deal of research has been conducted over recent years in the field of occupational stress and its relationship to physical and mental illness. The present paper attempts to provide a framework for examining this work, with the dual objectives of broadening the existing psychological literature with the extensive medical data available and highlighting the research gaps in this area. By emphasizing the medical evidence it is hoped that greater interdisciplinary work in the field of occupational stress will be encouraged. (83 ref) (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2012 APA, all rights reserved)
This study attempts to develop an empirical model of the link between stress and mental health, focusing particularly on occupational stress. Three different models were assessed-the person-stress model, the dispositional model, and the indigenous model--using structural equation modelling. The indigenous model was found to be the most predictive of mental health. In this model, personality and coping strategies precede and determine the perception of job stressors, which ultimately affect the mental well-being of the individual.
Social support represents an integral component of theory on stress and psychopathology. Little attention, however, has been directed toward understanding social support within the context of other predictors of disorder. Although it is often acknowledged that measures of support are correlated with other variables also related to psychological functioning, a paucity of effort has been devoted to differentiating such variables from support or to studying their interrelations with support over time. Three alternative predictors are selected for discussion in the present article: preexisting disorder, stress, and personality. Research has been hindered by a lack of attention to the diverse associations between measures of social support and these related features of the individual’s social environment and psychological functioning. This is due, in part, to (a) measurement redundancies (b) method limitations, and (c) conceptual ambiguities involving support and these other constructs. We conclude with the implications for related issues in the study of social support and psychopathology.
In their updated review and further analysis of the literature relating to the sources of occupational stress, the authors focused on occupational stress as a multifaceted, multidimensional construct which can be fully understood only by a thorough examination of all social and physical arenas in which an individual lives. Special emphasis was placed on the potential influence of extra-organizational stressors on the individual in the work environment. It is proposed that stress, health, job performance, family and social networks and individual differences form an integrated whole for any individual.
Investigator- and respondent-based approaches to measurement are outlined and the limitations of the latter for life-event research are discussed in terms of inaccuracy and bias. An investigator-based approach has much greater potential for accuracy. Furthermore, its greater flexibility allows methods of meeting possible bias in reporting and rating which are largely ruled out by respondent-based measures. The failure of recent prospective studies, using respondent-based instruments, to show an association between life events and onset of various kinds of disorder are discussed in these terms; and also in terms of the assumption built into the Holmes-Rahe instrument that the influence of life events is additive.The second part of the paper discusses some of the aetiological models which have been developed with the use of investigator-based measures. It goes on to deal with the requirements of future research and the role that prospective research can be expected to play. It is argued that the latter are of limited relevance to the study of life events as such; here it is more important to develop instruments capable of accuracy, sensitivity and that have some control over possible bias in reporting and rating. However, prospective designs are likely to play a major role in the study of background protective factors such as amount and type of social support.
50 articles dealing with stages of group development over time are separated by group setting: therapy-group studies, T-group studies, and natural- and laboratory-group studies. The stages identified in these articles are separated into those descriptive of social or interpersonal group activities and those descriptive of group-task activities. 4 general stages of development are proposed, and the review consists of fitting the stages identified in the literature to those proposed. In the social realm, these stages in the developmental sequence are testing-dependence, conflict, cohesion, and functional roles. In the task realm, they are orientation, emotionality, relevant opinion exchange, and the emergence of solutions. There is a good fit between observed stages and the proposed model. (62 ref.)
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