Clinic bacteriological study of chronic dacryocystitis in adults

Department of Ophthalmology, NRS Medical College, Kolkata 700014.
Journal of the Indian Medical Association 06/2008; 106(5):296-8.
Source: PubMed


Chronic dacryocystitis is the inflammation of lacrimal sac, frequently caused by bacteria. Obstruction of nasolacrimal duct converts the lacrimal sac a reservoir of infection. It is a constant threat to cornea and orbital soft tissue. Moreover, it causes social embarrassment due to chronic watering from the eye. This study was conducted to find out the current clinicobacteriological profile of chronic dacryocystitis in adults. A total of 56 adult patients were selected from ophthalmology OPD. Detail history and clinical examinations were carried out. All patients underwent either dacryocystorhinostomy or dacryocystectomy. A part of the sac was collected for culture and sensitivity. This study revealed that chronic dacryocystitis is more common in females and left eye is more frequently involved than right eye. It is common among lower socioeconomic strata with habit of pond-bathing. Some form of nasal pathology like hypertrophied inferior turbinate, deviated nasal septum, nasal polyp and allergic rhinitis werefound in 19.6% of the patients. Complications of chronic dacryocystitis like conjunctivitis, corneal ulcer, acute on chronic dacryocystitis, lacrimal abscess and fistula were seen in 25.0% of these patients; 53.6% of the culture samples were positive for bacterial growth. Gram-positive organisms were most common isolate. Unlike other studies, Staphylococcus aureus (40.0%) was found to be most common Gram-positive organism, followed by Staphylococcus epidermidis (10.0%) and Steptococcus pneumoniae (10.0%). Among the Gram-negative organisms, Pseudomonas aeruginosa (16.6%) was the most common, followed by Klebsiella pneumoniae (6.6%) and Haemophilus influenzae (6.6%). Antibiotic sensitivity tests were done. Most of the organisms were resistant to penicillin. Chloramphenicol was effective against most of the Gram-positive organisms. Aminoglycosides, tobramycin in particular, was effective against Staphylococcus epidermidis. Fluoroquinolones, namely ciprofloxacin and ofloxacin were effective against Pseudomonas aeruginosa and Klebsiella pneumoniae.

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    • "Nasolacrimal duct obstruction (NLDO) resulting in symptomatic dacrocystitis is a common problem in female population of lower socioeconomic strata.[12] External dacryocystorhinostomy (DCR) is an established gold standard treatment since 1904 when it was first reported.[3] "
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    ABSTRACT: Aims: To evaluate a new approach for recanalization (RC) of nasolacrimal duct obstruction in the treatment of the symptomatic nasolacrimal duct obstruction (NLDO). Materials and Methods: A prospective, interventional, comparative study in 302 eyes of 209 patients of symptomatic nontraumatic NLDO. Eyes with previous failed surgery were excluded. One hundred and fifty-one eyes underwent RC with 20 G endodiathermy bipolar probe connected to a 7 W diathermy followed by bicanalicular intubation under direct visualization. One hundred and fifty-one eyes underwent standard external dacryocystorhinostomy (DCR). Follow-up was for 24 months and evaluation was done on basis of change in symptoms and lacrimal syringing. Data was analyzed by Chi-square test and unpaired t-test. P value < 0.05 was considered statistically significant. Results: Success defined as an asymptomatic patient or freely patent syringing was 92.7% (140 eyes) in RC group and 83.44% (126 eyes) in DCR group. Success was significantly more (P ≤ 0.01) in RC than DCR group. Surgical time was significantly less in RC than DCR (P ≤ 0.001). In RC group, RC could not be performed in three eyes and had to be later taken up for DCR. Intubation after RC was not achieved in four eyes; however these eyes had a patent pathway till 24 months. Twenty-two eyes had a premature extrusion of the tube; but the success rate in these (20 eyes) was comparable to the others within the group (P > 0.05). Two eyes in RC and one in DCR group had complications. Conclusions: RC with 20 G endodiathermy bipolar probe is a quick, simple, and effective alternative to standard external DCR.
    Full-text · Article · Nov 2013 · Indian Journal of Ophthalmology
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    • "A single organism was isolated in 66 (82.5%) cases and mixed organisms were isolated in 14 (17.5%) cases, which correlated with the findings of Kundu PK et al., [10] (82.5% and 10.5%) and Sainju R et al., [11] (81.82% and 18.18%). The mixed growth might be due to stagnation of the tear for a longer time, thus providing a better environment for the pathogenic organisms to get established by suppressing the normal flora [2]. "
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    ABSTRACT: Introduction: Dacryocystitis is an inflammation of the lacrimal sac and duct. It is an important cause of ocular morbidity, both in children and in adults.
    Full-text · Article · May 2012 · Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research
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    ABSTRACT: Acute dacryocystitis, or inflammation of the lacrimal sac with lacrimal abscess, is almost always secondary to nasolacrimal duct obstruction. The standard practice for the treatment is incision and drainage because of concerns about the risks of exacerbation and spread of infection. Here we tried to evaluate primary EnDCR as a treatment for acute dacryocystitis with abscess formation. Department of ENT, Head and Neck Surgery, KVG Medical College, Sullia. This is comparative case series analysis study done in our medical college hospital during the study period 61 months from January 2007 to November 2011. 31 cases of acute dacryocystitis with lacrimal abscess managed were included in the study. 13 cases were operated primarily with EnDCR. Rest of the 18 cases was managed conventionally by incision and drainage and later by an external approach of DCR. Swelling disappeared intraoperatively in all EnDCR cases while medial canthal edema and erythema completely reduced within 2–3 days post-operatively. While in incision and drainage swelling disappeared partially intraoperatively and repeated draining was needed on the 2nd and 3rd day. The mean VAS score on first post operative day was 3.14 in group A and was 4.64 in group B. Group A had faster pain relief with 92.3% improvement in epiphora while group B had slower pain relief but epiphora remained. Mean intraoperative blood was 65 ml in group A and minimal in group B. Primary EnDCR is successful as a procedure of choice for acute dacryocystitis with abscess preventing further episodes of abscess formation and epiphora in the patients. We recommend EnDCR as the treatment of choice for acute dacryocystitis with lacrimal abscesses.
    No preview · Article · Aug 2013 · Indian Journal of Otolaryngology and Head & Neck Surgery
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