Precursors to Offending and the Trauma Outcome Process in Sexually Reactive Children
The authors delineate five precursors that lead to vulnerability to acting out sexually in children who have been victimized. Fielhor's preconditions for sexual perpetration are reviewed and applied to work with sexually reactive children ages 4- 12. The authors present he "Trauma Outcome Process" as an approach differentiating responses to trauma as self-victimizing. assaultive, andlor healthy coping. This article stresses that victims of sexual abuse make choices in their emotional and behavioral responses to trauma. This approach has implications for treatment.
Available from: Anne-Marie Tougas
- "children aged between 6 and 12 years old, which may be considered a form of SBP. Based on theoretical models focusing on trauma, such as the Traumagenic Dynamics Model (Finkelhor & Browne, 1986), the adaptation and coping model proposed byFriedrich (1990), and the Trauma Outcome Process Model (Rasmussen, Burton, & Christopherson, 1992), many studies have explored the existence of links between maltreatment and SBPs. Their results show that sexual abuse is a prominent phenomenon with children displaying SBPs and that a history of sexual abuse allows us to distinguish such children from those who do not display SPBs (Lepage, 2008;Szanto, Lyons, & Kisiel, 2012;Tarren-Sweeney, 2008). "
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ABSTRACT: This study sought to verify if a history of maltreatment may predict the psychosocial profile of children who participated in an intervention program aiming at reducing sexual behavior problems. Data were collected at both the beginning and the end of the intervention program using a clinical protocol and standardized tests selected on the basis of the intervention targets. In general, the results indicate that children who had experienced maltreatment display a psychosocial profile that is similar to that of children who had not experienced maltreatment. However, children who had experienced psychological abuse or neglect may display greater externalized or sexualized behaviors, whereas children who have a parent who had been a victim of sexual abuse may display fewer sexualized behaviors.
Available from: Petra K. Staiger
- "focuses on the contribution of family characteristics , cognitive and emotional processes , and prior trauma to the development of problematic sexual behaviour in children . The trauma outcome process approach could be viewed as an integration of the models outlined above . Rasmussen et al . ( 1992 ) have identified five factors which are considered necessary for the development of problematic sexual behaviour in children - prior traumatisation , lack of empathy , social inadequacy , lack of accountability and impulsiveness . This approach draws on PTSD theory , psychodynamic theory , cognitive behavioural and humanistic approache"
Available from: cifas.ca
- "En effet, les enfants proviennent de milieux où le système d'encadrement est déficient (absence de surveillance et de soutien) et où l'environnement est sexualisé (absence de frontières sexuelles, accessibilité à du matériel pornographique, exposition à des activités sexuelles d'adultes). Enfin, les parents éprouvent d'importantes difficultés d'ordres personnel et conjugal (problèmes Implication des parents dans l'intervention des enfants présentant des comportements sexuels inadaptés L'agression sexuelle : coopérer au-delà des frontières, Cifas 2005 531 de santé mentale, habiletés parentales déficitaires, violence conjugale) (Bentovim, 2002; Bonner et al., 1999; Friedrich & Luecke, 1988; Gagnon, Bégin, & Tremblay, 2005; Gray et al., 1997, 1999; Hall & Mathews, 1996; Hall et al., 1998, 2002; Johnson, 1993a; Pithers, Gray, Busconi, & Houchens, 1998a, 1998b; Rasmussen, Burton, & Christopherson, 1992; Ray & English, 1995; Ryan, 2002). "
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