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Les parties introductive et finale de l’écrit de comenius de rerum humanarum emendatione consultatio catholica

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Abstract

Comenius's great consultatory work starts with an introduction, “Europae lumina, viri docti, pii, eminentes, salvete”, which is also the dedication. It is followed by “Panegersia, excitatorium universale”, which is an appeal to all men to participate in the great work of universal reform. “Panegersia” introduces the prob‐lem of general reform and expounds the basic concepts, first by elucidating the concept of human affairs ("res humanae"), then by explaining how they have become corrupted and how to reform them. The concluding book, “Pannuthesia, sive exhortatorium universale”, rounds off the “Consultatio”. Once more, all men are invited to take part in the general reform.It is right to take “Pansophia”, “Pampaedia”, “Panglottia”, and “Panorthosia” as the centre of the “Consultatio”. However, within the whole of the work, the introductory and concluding parts are also given significant roles. There is a remarkable concurrence between them; while the first book of the “Consultatio” is more theoretical, the concluding book is more concrete, giving the origins of the work and expressing the author's standpoints more openly. Both parts may be considered to be complete, and both were published during the author's life.

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The author presents to the Polish-speaking reader a little-known work by Jan Amos Comenius, titled Latin Dedicatio ad tria regna – Czech Dedikace třem královstvím – Polish Dedykacja trzem Królestwom – English Dedication to the Three Kingdoms. It acquaints us not only with its structure, composition and layout, but also with the main theses and assumed plans. It introduces us to a large extent to the subject matter of „repairing human things”. We see how Jan Amos Comenius persistently and with unprecedented persistence decidedly pursued the honorable goal that he set for himself – the panophilic repair of all human things. A picture of Comenius' hopes for these three European countries, ie Poland, Sweden and Great Britain, was also presented. We also learn how this manuscript in question was gradually modified by him over the course of the seventeenth century. An important fact is also that the described work is important for modern science, especially in historical, social, pedagogical, philological and theological disciplines.
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