The H3K36 demethylase Jhdm1b/Kdm2b regulates cell proliferation and senescence through p15Ink4b

Howard Hughes Medical Institute, Chapel Hill, North Carolina 27599-7295, USA.
Nature Structural & Molecular Biology (Impact Factor: 13.31). 10/2008; 15(11):1169-1175. DOI: 10.1038/nsmb.1499


The Ink4a-Arf-Ink4b locus has a crucial role in both cellular senescence and tumorigenesis. JmjC domain–containing histone demethylase 1b (Jhdm1b, also known as Kdm2b and Fbxl10), the mammalian paralog of the histone demethylase Jhdm1a (also known as Kdm2a and Fbxl11), has been implicated in cell-cycle regulation and tumorigenesis. In this report, we show that Jhdm1b is a histone H3 lysine 36 (H3K36) demethylase. Knockdown of Jhdm1b in primary mouse embryonic fibroblasts inhibits cell proliferation and induces cellular senescence in a pRb- and p53 pathway–dependent manner. Notably, the effect of Jhdm1b on cell proliferation and cellular senescence is mediated through derepression of p15Ink4b, as loss of p15Ink4b function rescues cell-proliferation defects in Jhdm1b-knockdown cells. Chromatin immunoprecipitation on ectopically expressed Jhdm1b demonstrates that Jhdm1b targets the p15Ink4b locus and regulates its expression in an enzymatic activity–dependent manner. Alteration of Jhdm1b level affects Ras-induced neoplastic transformation. Collectively, our results indicate that Jhdm1b is an H3K36 demethylase that regulates cell proliferation and senescence through p15Ink4b.

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    • "EZH2 has similar catalytic activity to fly E(Z) (Cao et al. 2002; Kuzmichev et al. 2002) and is predominantly found in embryonic stem cells (ESCs) and proliferating cells, whereas EZH1 replaces EZH2 in specific differentiating and non-dividing cell types (Margueron et al. 2008; Shen et al. 2008; Stojic et al. 2011). The enzymatic activity of EZH1 appears to be context dependent: it has been reported to show similar activity to EZH2 in vitro (Shen et al. 2008), to have reduced activity in vivo (Margueron et al. 2008), and in some cases to promote transcriptional activation (Mousavi et al. 2012; Xu et al. 2015). Whether the enzymatic activity of fly E(Z) is modulated in specific cell lineages or at specific target genes to mirror the situation in vertebrates is not known. "
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