Structure-Based Prediction with Molecular Dynamics for Hit Identification.

University of California, San Diego Howard Hughes Medical Institute 9500 Gilman Drive Urey Hall 4202, M/C 0365 La Jolla, CA 92093-0365. .
Current topics in medicinal chemistry (Impact Factor: 3.4). 10/2012; 12(18). DOI: 10.2174/156802612804910313
Source: PubMed


Although the motions of proteins are fundamental for their function, for pragmatic reasons, the consideration of protein elasticity has traditionally been neglected in drug discovery and design. This review details protein motion, its relevance to biomolecular interactions and how it can be sampled using molecular dynamics simulations. Within this context, two major areas of research in structure-based prediction that can benefit from considering protein flexibility, binding site detection and molecular docking, are discussed. Basic classification metrics and statistical analysis techniques, which can facilitate performance analysis, are also reviewed. With hardware and software advances, molecular dynamics in combination with traditional structure-based prediction methods can potentially reduce the time and costs involved in the hit identification pipeline.

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