Grismer, J.L., L.L. Grismer, and T. Chav. New species of Cnemaspis Strauch 1887 (Squamata: Gekkonidae) from southwestern Cambodia. Journal of Herpetology

[ "Department of Biology, La Sierra University, 4500 Riverwalk Parkway, Riverside, California 92515 USA "]
Journal of Herpetology (Impact Factor: 0.83). 02/2010; 44(Mar 2010):28-36. DOI: 10.1670/08-211.1


A new species of Southeast Asian Cnemaspis is described from the rocky foothills in the northwestern section of the Cardamom Mountains, Cambodia on the basis of a light colored chevron marking between the shoulders, tail tip white with black speckling, and several scale characteristics. This population's overall morphological similarity to southern Vietnam species demonstrates that Cambodia is an important biogeographical link between disjunct components of the Indochinese herpetofauna. This species represents the second known species of Cnemaspis from Cambodia and the ninth endemic species to be described from the Cardamom Mountains, highlighting the need for additional fieldwork in this area of Indochina.

  • Source
    • "Cnemaspis shahruli L.L. Grismer et al. 2010c (36. "
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: We describe a new species of Cnemaspis from southern Sumatra, Indonesia. The new species is the first Cnemaspis reported from Sumatra and is a large (52.6–58.7 mm in snout–vent length [SVL]) nocturnal species. A combination of the following characters distinguishes the new species from all other Southeast Asian congeners: adults reaching 58.7 mm SVL; supralabials 13 or 14; infralabials 11 or 12; tricarinate ventrals; precloacal pores absent; moderately prominent, randomly arranged, dorsal tubercles; 20 or 21 paravertebral tubercles; no tubercles on lower flanks; caudal tubercles encircling tail; subcaudals keeled; the median row of subcaudals not enlarged; two postcloacal tubercles on each side of tail base; no enlarged femoral, subtibial, or submetatarsal scales; subtibial scales keeled; 28–34 subdigital lamellae on fourth toe; dark and light caudal bands distinct in both sexes. We tentatively assign the new species to the Cnemaspis kendallii group of the Southern Sunda clade of recent phylogenetic analyses.
    Full-text · Article · Jul 2015 · Herpetologica
  • Source
    • "Of all of the protected areas in Cambodia, the Phnom Samkos Wildlife Sanctuary (3,338 km 2 ) has received the most attention in terms of herpetofaunal inventories (Grismer et al. 2007a,b, 2008a,b, 2010; Neang et al. 2010, 2011a,b; Wood et al. 2010; and references herein). Since 2000, 40 amphibian and 81 reptile species have been recorded at the site (Grismer et al. 2008b; Neang et al. 2010, 2012, Neang, unpublished data). The Sanctuary's diverse herpetofauna reflects its diverse elevation (from 90 to 1,717 m above sea level), geology, hydrology and vegetation types, many of which are still intact (Webb 2005). "
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: A new species of kukri snake Oligodon Fitzinger, 1826 is described from the Phnom Samkos Wildlife Sanctuary, Carda-mom Mountains, southwest Cambodia. Oligodon kampucheaensis sp. nov. differs from other Indochinese and Southeast Asian species of Oligodon by having 15–15–15 dorsal scale rows; 164 ventral scales; 39 subcaudal scales; anal plate un-divided; deep bifurcated hemipenes, lacking papillae and spines extending to subcaudal scale 11; 17 transverse cream and black-edged bands on body; three bands on tail; eight or nine scales long between dorsal bands; white ventrolateral spots on the lateral margin of every dark brown squarish or subrectangular ventral blotch. The hemipenial characters place it as the tenth species of the O. cyclurus group but it has a lower dorsal scale count than other species in this group. The dis-covery of this species from the Phnom Samkos Wildlife Sanctuary increases the number of kukri snakes for Cambodia to ten and indicates the importance of additional field studies in the Cardamom Mountains.
    Full-text · Article · Jul 2012 · Zootaxa
  • Source
    • "As a result, five new species have been described from Vietnam (Grismer & Ngo 2007; Grismer et al. 2010b), one from Cambodia (J. Grismer et al. 2010); one from Borneo (Grismer & Chan 2009), seven from Thailand (Grismer et al. 2010c, one from Laos (Grismer 2010); and 12 from Peninsular Malaysia and its associated archipelagos (Chan & Grismer, 2008; Das & Grismer 2003; Grismer & Chan, 2008; Grismer & Chan 2010; Grismer & Das, 2006; Grismer et al. 2008a,b, 2010a; Grismer et al. 2009). Prior to 2003, Peninsular Malaysia only had four known species of Cnemaspis [C. "
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: A new species of endemic Cnemaspis is described from Gunung Jerai (also known as Kedah Peak) in the northwestern state of Kedah, Peninsular Malaysia. Cnemaspis harimau sp. nov. differs from all other Sundaland congeners except C. affinis, C. biocellata, C. kumpoli, C. mcguirei, C. pseudomcguirei, and C. shahruli in having a black shoulder patch with a white or yellow ocellus anteriorly located. It is most similar in appearance to its sister species, C. affinis, but differs by having a smaller maximum SVL of 40.7 mm vs. 50.8 mm; three vs. five postmentals; caudal tubercles encircling vs. not encircling tail; lateral caudal tubercles on anterior 25% of tail highly spinose and protruding vs. slightly spinose; and an overall higher degree of scale keeling (most prominent on the tail). The discovery of another montane endemic once again highlights the understudied nature of Peninsular Malaysia's extensive mountain ranges.
    Full-text · Article · Aug 2010 · Zootaxa
Show more