Avery, P. B., Mannion, C. M., Powel, C. A., McKenzie, C. L., and Osborne, L. S. Natural enemies managing the invasion of the fig whitefly, Singhiella simplex (Hemiptera: Aleyrodidae), infesting a Ficus benjamina hedge. Florida Entomol.

[ "University of Florida, Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences, Indian River Research and Education Center, 2199 South Rock Road, Fort Pierce, FL 34945"]
Florida Entomologist (Impact Factor: 1). 10/2011; 94(Sep 2011):696-698. DOI: 10.1653/024.094.0338


Based on leaf disk samples taken in this field pilot study, only ~10% of the fig whitefly mortality was attributed to parasitization by Encarsia species, ~90% was due to other natural causes; i.e. enzootic entomopathogenic fungi, predation, etc. This is the first record of the Hypocreales fungi, I. fumosorosea, P. lilacinus, and Aspergillus, Lecanicillium, and Fusarium species being isolated from dead S. simplex nymphs on F. benjamina. It is important to assess the long term impacts pesticide applications made for managing the fig whitefly may have on the ecosystem, and especially the ecological impact on the natural enemies which include enzootic entomopathogenic fungi.

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    • "Various enzootic pathogenic fungi have also been isolated from S. simplex in Florida, namely Isaria fumosorosea Wize, Paecilomyces lilacinus Thorn (Samson), and Lecanicillium sp., Fusarium sp., and Aspergillus sp. (Avery et al. 2011). "
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    ABSTRACT: Singhiella simplex is native to the Oriental region, where it is known from Burma, China and India; and has been introduced to the USA (Florida) and Puerto Rico (Hodges 2007; Evans 2008; Mannion et al. 2008). More recently, S. simplex have been recorded also from Jamaica, Brazil, Cayman Islands (Jesus et al. 2010 and Velasco et al. 2011) and was observed in Israel in 2011 (unpublished). This is the first record of S. simplex from Colombia.
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