Posttraumatic stress disorder and health-related quality of life among a sample of treatment- and pension-seeking deployed Canadian Forces peacekeeping veterans

Department of Psychiatry, Univeristy of Western Ontario, London, Ontario.
Canadian journal of psychiatry. Revue canadienne de psychiatrie (Impact Factor: 2.55). 10/2008; 53(9):594-600.
Source: PubMed


To examine the health-related quality of life (HRQOL) in deployed Canadian Forces peacekeeping veterans, addressing associations with posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), and depression severity.
Participants (n = 125) were consecutive male veterans who were referred for a psychiatric assessment. Instruments administered included the Clinician-Administered PTSD Scale, Hamilton Depression Scale, Short-Form-36 Health Survey, and sociodemographic characteristics.
Mental HRQOL was significantly lower for peacekeepers with, than without, PTSD. Using univariate analyses, PTSD and depression severity were each significantly negatively related to mental HRQOL. In sequential regression analyses controlling for age, we found that PTSD and depression severity significantly predicted both mental and physical HRQOL.
Veterans with PTSD have significant impairments in mental and physical HRQOL. This information is useful for clinicians and Veterans Affairs administrators working with the newer generation of veterans, as it stresses the importance of including measures of quality of life in the psychiatric evaluation of veterans to better address their rehabilitation needs.

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Available from: Jon Elhai, Feb 16, 2014
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    • "The SF-36 is a self-report measure used across the majority of studies examining the impact of PTSD on health-related quality of life (e.g. Harder et al., 2011; Malik et al., 1999; Richardson, Long, Pedlar, & Elhai, 2008; Shiner et al., 2011). We predicted that PTSD symptom scores would significantly and uniquely contribute to OEF/OIF veterans' report of health functioning within the first year of return from deployment, with higher PTSD symptomatology being uniquely associated with poorer physical and mental health functioning. "
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