The conception of rape: A multidimensional scaling approach.


Examined male and female college students' cognitive organization of rape and other specific interpersonal behaviors (e.g., lovemaking, assault, seduction). In Study 1, 79 Ss were requested to rate these behaviors or actions on 15 semantic differential scales. In Studies 2 and 3, a total of 190 Ss were asked to judge these behaviors or actions as to their similarity to one another. Across the studies, an individual difference multidimensional scaling (INDSCAL) analysis revealed 2 dimensions. The 1st dimension differentiated stimulus words along a positive to negative evaluative continuum. The 2nd dimension assessed the intensity of the interpersonal behavior. Ss' gender, sex-role attitude, and attitudes toward rape had little impact on the cognitive organization of these concepts as defined by these measures. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2012 APA, all rights reserved)

Download full-text


Available from: David Bruce Sugarman, Feb 03, 2014
  • Source
    • "MDS as a research tool for understanding complex psychological phenomena has demonstrated considerable versatility. It has been used to understand how people conceive of loneliness (Lunt, 1991), crowding (Sadalla et al., 1978), rape (Sugarman, 1994), virtue (Haslam et al., 2004), drinking (Rather et al., 1992), smoking marijuana (Linkovich-Kyle and Dunn, 2001), and job involvement (Ellroy et al., 1995), just to name a few. "
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Considerable research suggests that cigarette craving is complex, with psychological, emotional, cognitive, and behavioral aspects that are inadequately captured by typical craving assessments that focus on level of severity. That is, the experience of craving, for cigarette smokers, remains poorly understood. This study immersed smokers in different virtual reality (VR) scenarios (with and without cigarette cues present), collected detailed craving assessments, and analyzed the data using a multidimensional analytic approach. Non-treatment-seeking, nicotine dependent smokers (N=22) experienced two different virtual reality scenarios, one with cigarette cues and one without, and rated 24 descriptors related to craving. Multidimensional scaling (MDS) models demonstrate that smokers' experience of craving is qualitatively, structurally different under VR smoking cue conditions versus neutral conditions. This finding sheds new light on the complexity of craving as well as implications for its measurement.
    Full-text · Article · Jun 2008 · Drug and Alcohol Dependence
  • Source
    • "This technique characterizes situations where a group of people or individuals perceive themselves as being potentially threatened because of their way of life or beliefs. Defensive attribute is based on the finding of a causal explanation for the deviant behavior by attributing the deviance to specific characteristics that are personally related to the victim, the offender, or the situation (Kristiansen & Giulietti, 1990; Sugerman, 1994). Kelly (1971) states that defensive attribution is a fast economic analysis of behavior because it acts as a framework in which different types of information are able to combine to arrive at a causal conclusion that will assist in understanding the result. "
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: This research was aimed at examining the attitudes toward domestic violence of people living in communal secular and religious kibbutzim. The findings, disregarding gender or traditionalism, indicate that most of the kibbutz members examined view the kibbutz as almost totally lacking any problem of violence toward women by their partners. The belief that the kibbutz home is a secure place for women within the family framework appears, surprisingly, at a higher frequency among women than among men. There are two possible theoretical explanations for this finding. First, the kibbutz lifestyle has indeed brought about equal power relationships, which explains why domestic violence is not viewed as a social problem, mostly by secular women. Second, women, who play a relatively minor role in constructing the public agenda in the kibbutz, have not become aware of the existence of this issue in the closed community.
    Full-text · Article · Sep 2005 · International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology