Trends in Illness Severity and Length of Stay in Inner-city Adolescents Hospitalized for Pelvic Inflammatory Disease

Section of Adolescent Medicine, Denver Health, University of Colorado Denver Health Sciences, Denver, Colorado, USA.
Journal of pediatric and adolescent gynecology (Impact Factor: 1.68). 11/2008; 21(5):289-93. DOI: 10.1016/j.jpag.2008.07.014
Source: PubMed


In 1998, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) changed their guidelines for treatment of adolescents with pelvic inflammatory disease (PID), no longer recommending hospitalization of all teenagers.
(1) To determine the proportion of adolescents with PID who were admitted for failed outpatient treatment after the CDC guideline change. (2) To determine if adolescents admitted for PID after the guideline change needed longer hospital stays and/or were more likely to be "very ill" [as measured by inflammation markers, e.g. fever] or to have tubo-ovarian abscess (TOA) than those admitted before the change.
Retrospective chart review
All 12-21-year-old females with the diagnosis of PID admitted to an adolescent inpatient unit in an inner-city teaching hospital during a two-year period before [T1=1995-1997 (54 cases)] and after [T2=1998-2000 (91 cases)] the CDC guideline change.
Reason for admission (failed outpatient treatment; TOA; or admission at the time of diagnosis of PID); clinical toxicity at admission, and length of hospital stay (LOS).
During T2, 22% of PID admissions were for failure of outpatient therapy. However, those admitted after failure of outpatient therapy (n=20) in T2 were less likely to be "very ill" than those who were admitted at the time of PID diagnosis in either T1 or T2 (n=123) [RR:0.30; 95% CI:0.09-0.94]. Mean LOS for females admitted to the adolescent unit with all diagnoses other than PID did not change between T1 and T2 but mean LOS for those diagnosed with PID decreased significantly from 6.3 +/- 3.7 days to 4.7 +/- 2.7 days, respectively (P = 0.002). LOS for PID was longer for younger (<16 years; 8.20 +/- 4.5 days) than older (> or =16 years; 5.0 +/- 2.8 days) girls (P = 0.02) and for adolescents with TOA (7.9 +/- 5.0 days) than for those without (5.3 +/- 2.9 days) (P = 0.05).
At our medical center, after the CDC guideline change many adolescents with PID were admitted because of failure of outpatient therapy but they were not sicker than those admitted at the time of diagnosis and overall LOS for PID was shorter. These findings are reassuring because they suggest that an initial trial of outpatient therapy for PID is unlikely to harm adolescents and may lead to significant cost savings.

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Available from: Susan M Coupey, Sep 17, 2015
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    ABSTRACT: The aim of this study was to define treatment modalities in tubo-ovarian abscesses (TOA) using a scoring system. As there is no scoring system for TAO there is still a controversy on the management. In our opinion, as there is no evidence based TAO management strategy, a scoring system is needed in the management of these patients. For this purpose we prospectively tried to define that may be useful for favoring a treatment modality and the effects of the parameters on the outcome. The study group comprised of hundred and eighty-four patients hospitalized between May 2001 and June 2008. Patients were divided in three groups according to the treatment modality--laparotomy (group 1, n: 122), medical treatment, (group 2, n: 34), and laparoscopic surgery (group 3, n: 28). Antibiotic regimens or other means of treatment strategies were directed according to our scoring system. Of the patients, 122 underwent laparatomy, 34 received medical treatment and 28 had operative laparoscopy. Intraoperative complications in the group of 122 patients who underwent laparatomy were bowel injury in 8 patients (6.5%) and ureteral injury in six (4.9 %). Fourteen patients (11.4 %) in the laparatomy group suffered from morbidity related to abdominal incision. In the laparoscopy group two patients (7.1 %) had bowel injury. With this study, we propose a scoring system in TOA cases and define treatment strategies accordingly. According to the results of our study, laparoscopy serves the best treatment option. Medical treatment, despite longer follow up, may be suitable in well-selected cases (Tab. 3, Ref. 39). Full Text in free PDF
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