Subtle renal duplication as an unrecognized cause of childhood incontinence: Diagnosis by magnetic resonance urography

Department of Radiology, University of California San Francisco, 505 Parnassus Avenue, Box 0628, M-372, San Francisco, CA, USA.
Journal of pediatric urology (Impact Factor: 0.9). 11/2008; 4(5):398-400. DOI: 10.1016/j.jpurol.2008.01.213
Source: PubMed


Urinary incontinence in young girls who have been toilet trained may be due to an ectopic ureter inserting below the urinary sphincter. This diagnosis is frequently delayed, is psychologically distressing, and may be missed at physical examination. Findings at ultrasound evaluation may be subtle and imaging with computed tomography or intravenous urography exposes young patients to ionizing radiation. We report two cases of girls with urinary incontinence where magnetic resonance (MR) urography revealed subtle renal duplication which implied the presence of an ectopic duplicated ureter with infrasphincteric insertion. These cases stress the importance of examining the kidneys, rather than the perineum, at MR, ultrasound and intravenous urogram evaluation, and show the value of MR urography as a safe alternative to computed tomography and intravenous urography for making this diagnosis.

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Available from: Jafi Alyssa Lipson
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