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Some Correlates of Structure and Purpose in the Use of Time

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Abstract

Reports findings from studies that used the Time Structure Questionnaire (TSQ), an instrument designed to measure the degree to which individuals perceive their use of time as structured and purposive. Results from 3 samples of university students showed that the TSQ has acceptable psychometric properties. They also showed that TSQ total scores were positively correlated with a sense of purpose in life, self-esteem, reported health, present standing and optimism about the future, Type A behavior, and more efficient study habits, and were negatively correlated with depression, psychological distress, anxiety, neuroticism, physical symptoms, hopelessness, and anomie. Perceived use of time also varied with role demands, such as whether a person was single or married, employed or unemployed, or a part-time or full-time student. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2012 APA, all rights reserved)
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... Методологічним підґрунтям сучасних досліджень стали уявлення про людину як складну самоорганізовану систему, яка є активним суб'єктом власного життя. Самоорганізація особистості проявляється в її здатності управляти власним часом -«структуризація особистого часу, тактичне планування і стратегічне цілепокладання» (Bond, & Feather, 1988;Feather, Bond, & Zaleski, 1994). Структуризація часу пов'язана із загальним рівнем задоволеності життям, рівнем психологічного благополуччя, результативністю життя тощо (Feather, Bond, & Zaleski, 1994;Ryan, & Deci, 2017;Seligman, & Csikszentmihalуi, 2000). ...
... Самоорганізація особистості проявляється в її здатності управляти власним часом -«структуризація особистого часу, тактичне планування і стратегічне цілепокладання» (Bond, & Feather, 1988;Feather, Bond, & Zaleski, 1994). Структуризація часу пов'язана із загальним рівнем задоволеності життям, рівнем психологічного благополуччя, результативністю життя тощо (Feather, Bond, & Zaleski, 1994;Ryan, & Deci, 2017;Seligman, & Csikszentmihalуi, 2000). Отже, самоорганізація є свідомим процесом самовдосконалення особистості, спрямована на розв'язання особистісно значимих завдань. ...
... On the other hand; polychronics are good at to react to change and to perform best under pressure. Another survey is the time structure questionnaire (TSQ) which was created by Bond and Feather in 1988. TSQ consist of several questions which are about individual's abilities to use time structure. ...
... The results showed that participants who perceived control of their time will be more successful on their job outcomes and satisfaction. Another study is time structure questionnaire (TSQ) which was constructed by Bond and Feather (1988). Time structure questionnaire (TSQ) was consists of five factors which are structured routine, present orientation, effective organization, sense of purpose and persistence. ...
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More than 25 years have passed since I first came to the University of Michigan to work with Jack Atkinson and to develop ideas about the analysis of persistence in achievement situations (Feather, 1961, 1962). My memories of those early years are very positive ones. To a young Australian on study leave from a small, recently established University in the New England region of New South Wales, the shift to Michigan in the late 1950s was a major turning point. Though at Michigan for only a short time as a graduate student, I formed friendships that have stayed with me throughout my life. The lively and stimulating academic environment provided intellectual experiences that helped to shape my ideas, even though my interest in expectancy-value models was already well-established before I arrived but ready to be more finely tuned. It has been a source of satisfaction to me that the analysis of persistence developed in those graduate years turned out to be a watershed, triggering the development of a new conceptual approach to motivation, the dynamics of action (Atkinson & Birch, 1970).
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