Pursuing Happiness: The Architecture of Sustainable Change

Department of Psychological Sciences, University of Missouri, Columbia, Missouri, United States
Review of General Psychology (Impact Factor: 1.78). 05/2005; 9(2):111-131. DOI: 10.1037/1089-2680.9.2.111


The pursuit of happiness is an important goal for many people. However, surprisingly little scientific research has focused on the question of how happiness can be increased and then sustained, probably because of pessimism engendered by the concepts of genetic determinism and hedonic adaptation. Nevertheless, emerging sources of optimism exist regarding the possibility of permanent increases in happiness. Drawing on the past well-being literature, the authors propose that a person's chronic happiness level is governed by 3 major factors: a genetically determined set point for happiness, happiness-relevant circumstantial factors, and happiness-relevant activities and practices. The authors then consider adaptation and dynamic processes to show why the activity category offers the best opportunities for sustainably increasing happiness. Finally, existing research is discussed in support of the model, including 2 preliminary happiness-increasing interventions. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2012 APA, all rights reserved)

    • "satisfaction and SWB research is that this latter group of re searchers have explicitly evaluated genetic or hereditary factors ( Lyubomirsky , Sheldon , & Schkade , 2005 ) . Empirical investigations have measured the impact of genetics on variations in life satis faction , now widely accepted as explaining around 50% of all observed differences ( Lyubomirsky et al . , 2005 ; Zidan sek , 2007 ) . This influence of genetic factors has been estimated by calculating correlations between self - reported happiness levels of identical and non - identical twins and siblings , including those brought up together and those separated at birth . For example , based on sub jective measures reported by adults , the inf"
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Tourism is vital to the economy of many regions; however visitor numbers in some are stagnating. Using a novel approach, this case study of the Great Barrier Reef explores and quantifies risks to visitor numbers, utilising tourist survey data supplemented by objective data from secondary sources. Economic, social and environmental factors affecting trip satisfaction are identified, which itself is found to affect the likelihood of a tourist returning; the impact of changes on trip satisfaction and on repeat visits is then estimated. Linkages between tourism and other industries are clearly demonstrated; increased construction work, decreased water clarity and decreased perceptions of tourist safety are all estimated to significantly reduce likelihood of repeat visits and hence impact tourist revenues, placing the financial viability of the industry at risk. Future development within the region should be evaluated holistically, rather than industries such as tourism, construction, agriculture etc. each being developed in isolation.
    No preview · Article · Feb 2016 · Tourism Management
  • Source
    • "Of particular importance to research on positive media effects are behaviors that have been found to enhance happiness. Positive psychology research has shown that, even though happiness is subject to strong genetic effects and—to a smaller extent—circumstances , it can be enhanced by intentional activities (Lyubomirsky, Sheldon, & Schkade, 2005). For example, an activity that has been found to increase happiness in young adolescents is engaging in prosocial behaviors (Holder, 2012;Layous, Nelson, Oberle, Schonert-Reichl, & Lyubomirsky, 2012), which involve voluntary behaviors intended to benefit others, such as practicing acts of kindness (Eisenberg, Fabes, & Spinrad, 2007;Padilla-Walker et al., 2013). "
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The field of children, adolescents, and media has predominantly focused on harmful media effects, for instance, concerning the potential harm of media violence. Although we recognize the relevance of that research, we propose that the balance in the field should be restored with research that also considers the beneficial effects of media exposure. In this essay we introduce positive media psychology to the arena of children, adolescents, and media. By incorporating insights from the field of positive psychology and pioneering work on meaningful media entertainment among adults, we provide a theoretical backdrop for future research to examine how media can help children and adolescents to thrive and flourish.
    Full-text · Article · Jan 2016 · Journal of Children and Media
  • Source
    • "Happiness is an increasingly important topic worldwide, and many countries are moving their focus of economic policy toward happiness gradually. Unlike in the past, consumers around the world are pursuing happiness rather than just wealth or social status (Lyubomirsky et al., 2005; Lipovetsky, 2009). Countries are making a variety of efforts at the national level, including introducing a happiness index to find ways of improving quality of life of their citizens (Ura, 2012; Frey, 2008). "
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Happiness is an increasingly important topic worldwide affecting the economic policy of many countries. Prior studies have found that the specific meaning of happiness for individual consumers can vary. This study aimed to test whether the difference could be observed in the texts of online blogs that express people’ experience of happiness. A text mining approach was taken, and the analysis results showed that the linguistic characteristics of extroversion, conscientiousness, and openness to experience have significant relationship with the different meanings of happiness manifested by the level of arousal in the texts.
    Full-text · Article · Nov 2015
Show more