The Efficacy and Tolerability of Once-Daily Extended Release Quetiapine Fumarate in Hospitalized Patients with Acute Schizophrenia: A 6-Week Randomized, Double-Blind, Placebo-Controlled Study

Manhattan Psychiatric Center-Nathan Kline Institute for Psychiatric Research, New York University, New York, NY, USA.
Psychopharmacology bulletin (Impact Factor: 0.5). 01/2008; 41(3):11-35.
Source: PubMed


This study aimed to demonstrate efficacy of once-daily extended release quetiapine fumarate (quetiapine XR) versus placebo in patients with acute schizophrenia.
In this 6-week, randomized, double-blind study (5077IL/0041) patients were randomized to receive quetiapine XR (300, 600, or 800 mg/day), quetiapine fumarate immediate release (quetiapine IR) [300 or 600 mg/day], or placebo. Primary endpoint was change from baseline in the Positive and Negative Syndrome Scale (PANSS) total score at Day 42. Secondary variables included PANSS response rate at Day 42 (>/=30% decrease in PANSS total score from baseline) and Clinical Global Impressions Severity (CGI-S) and Improvement (CGI-I) ratings. Safety assessments included adverse event (AE) reporting and laboratory measures.
Of 532 patients randomized, 222 (41.7%) completed the study. Improvements in PANSS total scores from baseline to Day 42 across treatment groups were: quetiapine XR 300 mg/day -5.01, 600 mg/day -13.01 and 800 mg/day -11.17, quetiapine IR 300 mg/day -9.42 and 600 mg/day -6.97, and placebo -5.19; the difference in change was statistically significant only for quetiapine XR 600 mg/day (p = 0.033). There were no statistically significant differences between active treatment groups and placebo for PANSS response rates. Several post hoc analyses were conducted to explain the study efficacy outcome but these were inconclusive. Quetiapine XR was generally well tolerated with the majority of AEs being mild or moderate in intensity and no unexpected AEs.
Superior efficacy of quetiapine XR versus placebo in patients with schizophrenia was demonstrated for quetiapine XR 600 mg/day. The safety and tolerability profile of quetiapine XR was similar to that of quetiapine IR.

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    • "Quetiapine is a psychotropic compound approved for the treatment of schizophrenia [1] [2] [3], acute mania [4] [5] [6], and acute bipolar depression in the US, and is approved for the treatment of schizophrenia and acute mania in China. It has been proposed that the quetiapine therapeutic activity in schizophrenia and its mood stabilizing properties in bipolar depression and mania are mediated through a combination of dopamine type 2 (D2) and serotonin type 2 (5HT2) antagonism [7]. "
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    ABSTRACT: Introduction: This long-term, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled study examined the efficacy of extended release quetiapine fumarate (quetiapine XR) in preventing psychotic relapse in schizophrenia.Methods: Three hundred twenty-seven clinically stable patients with schizophrenia were switched to open-label quetiapine XR (300mg on Day 1, 600mg on Day 2, followed by flexible dosing [400-800mg/day]) for a 16-week stabilization phase. Thereafter, patients who were clinically stable for four months were randomized to flexible doses of quetiapine XR (400-800mg/day) or placebo. Primary endpoint was time to first schizophrenia relapse after randomization. Secondary endpoints included risk of relapse at six months. Interim analyses were planned after 45 and 60 relapses and final analysis after 90 relapses. Maximal treatment time was one year.Results: The study was terminated after the first interim analysis showed a significant difference between randomized treatment groups. Time to relapse was significantly longer in quetiapine XR-treated patients versus placebo (hazard ratio 0.16 [95% confidence interval 0.08, 0.34]; p=0.001). Fewer quetiapine XR-treated patients relapsed versus those receiving placebo (10.7% vs. 41.4%, respectively). Estimated risk of relapse at six months was significantly lower with quetiapine XR (14.3%) compared with placebo (68.2%; p=0.0001). The incidence of treatment-related adverse events (AEs) was similar between quetiapine XR and placebo groups (18% and 21% of patients, respectively) and only one percent of patients in each group withdrew because of AEs.Conclusion: Once-daily quetiapine XR (400-800mg/day) was effective in preventing relapse in patients with clinically stable schizophrenia. Quetiapine XR was well tolerated during longer-term use.
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