Attitudes to animal-assisted therapy with farm animals among health staff and farmers

ArticleinJournal of Psychiatric and Mental Health Nursing 15(7):576-81 · October 2008with20 Reads
DOI: 10.1111/j.1365-2850.2008.01268.x · Source: PubMed
Abstract
Green care is a concept that involves the use of farm animals, plants, gardens or the landscape in cooperation with health institutions for different target groups of clients. The present study aimed at examining psychiatric therapists' (n = 60) and farmers' (n = 15) knowledge, experience and attitudes to Green care and animal-assisted therapy (AAT) with farm animals for people with psychiatric disorders. Most respondents had some or large knowledge about Green care, but experience with Green care was generally low in both groups. Both farmers and therapists believed that AAT with farm animals could contribute positively to therapy to a large or very large extent, with farmers being significantly more positive. Most of the therapists thought that AAT with farm animals contributes to increased skills in interactions with other humans, with female therapists being more positive than males. Two-thirds of the therapists believed that AAT with farm animals to a large extent could contribute better to mental health than other types of occupational therapy. There were no differences in attitudes to AAT between psychiatrists/psychologists and psychiatric nurses. This study confirms the marked potential of offering AAT services with farm animals for psychiatric patients by documenting positive attitudes to it among psychiatric therapists.
    • "Most commonly, these are group activities, but they should always be adapted to each individual participant's mental and physical needs. Several studies on care farming highlight group participation , the social setting, and the farmer's supportive supervision as important20212223. Furthermore, earlier qualitative studies have described care farming programs as a suitable transition between marginalization related to illness and inclusion in society [22, 24]. "
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Background: C are farming is a service developed at farms for promoting mental and physical health and is increasingly used in mental health rehabilitation in Norway. Objective: This article aims to present a descriptive review of Norwegian intervention research on care farms that provide rehabilitation for people with mental health disorders. Methods: This literature review applied a non-systematic search strategy: all articles in the field known to the authors were selected for inclusion. The selected studies were intervention studies that were conducted on farms in Norway, that used adult participants with mental health problems/disorders, and that reported outcome measures related to mental health. The studies and articles presented quantitative and/or qualitative data. Results: The findings from the published articles report improvements to mental health problems, such as depression, anxiety, perceived stress, positive affect, rumination, and self-efficacy. Qualitative data describe a variety of positive experiences, such as improved coping ability, increased social support, and appreciation of the care farm activity. Conclusion: Participating in interventions on care farms positively influences mental health. Care farming may therefore be used as a supplementary approach in mental health rehabilitation, as it offers meaningful and engaging occupations and social inclusion.
    Full-text · Article · Dec 2015
    • "improved understanding , empathy and communication skills as well as greater confidence and self-efficacy) that enable young people to interact more positively with their human world (Fisher, 2013). Finally, the Attachment Hypothesis (H4) suggests that the safe and positive bond that develops between nature and humans restores the capacity to attach to key people in the young person's life (Berget et al., 2008). Bachi et al. (2012) concluded that animalbased interventions offer the additional opportunity to restore disrupted attachment through the human – animal bond. "
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Anecdotal evidence suggests that care farming practices have the potential to provide positive outcomes for young people in foster-care and residential care environments. A systematic review (searching; CINAHL, Web of Knowledge, PsychInfo) was conducted to explore how participation in care farming initiatives impacts attachment in children in foster-care and what aspects of care farming initiatives provides positive attachment outcomes. The systematic review did not identify any research publication in care farming and foster-care. Therefore, it is imperative that practitioners realise that the evidence is lacking when using these types of interventions and keep a close account of the benefit and harms that may be encountered during the interaction processes.
    Article · Aug 2015
    • "El presente trabajo también ofrece los primeros resultados acerca de la relación entre actitudes hacia las IAA y otras variables de interés en muestra española. Con respecto al sexo del respondiente, se encontró que las actitudes hacia las IAA fueron estadísticamente similares entre varones y mujeres, no corroborándose el efecto que dicha variable ha mostrado en trabajos previos (Berget et al., 2008 ; Berget y col., 2011). Este resultado puede estar mediatizado por la baja proporción de varones en la muestra (en torno a un 20% del total), si bien también debe plantearse el efecto de las diferencias culturales entre muestras (noruega y española). "
    Full-text · Article · Jan 2015
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