Synergistic Cytotoxicity of Irinotecan and Cisplatin in Dual-Drug Targeted Polymeric Nanoparticles

Department of Chemical Engineering, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA 02139, USA.
Nanomedicine (Impact Factor: 5.41). 10/2012; 8(5). DOI: 10.2217/nnm.12.134
Source: PubMed


Two unexplored aspects for irinotecan and cisplatin (I&C) combination chemotherapy are: actively targeting both drugs to a specific diseased cell type, and delivering both drugs on the same vehicle to ensure their synchronized entry into the cell at a well-defined ratio. In this work, the authors report the use of targeted polymeric nanoparticles (NPs) to coencapsulate and deliver I&C to cancer cells expressing the prostate-specific membrane antigen.

Materials & methods:
Targeted NPs were prepared in a single step by mixing four different precursors inside microfluidic devices.

I&C were encapsulated in 55-nm NPs and showed an eightfold increase in internalization by prostate-specific membrane antigen-expressing LNCaP cells compared with nontargeted NPs. NPs coencapsulating both drugs exhibited strong synergism in LNCaP cells with a combination index of 0.2.

The strategy of coencapsulating both I&C in a single NP targeted to a specific cell type could potentially be used to treat different types of cancer.

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