The influence of resistance bands on frontal plane knee mechanics during body-weight squat and vertical jump movements
Department of Kinesiology, University of Waterloo, Waterloo, Ontario, Canada. Sports Biomechanics
(Impact Factor: 1.15).
09/2012; 11(3):391-401. DOI: 10.1080/14763141.2012.654503
The purpose of this study was to examine the impact of wearing a resistance band around the distal thigh on frontal plane knee mechanics during bodyweight squat and jumping exercises. Three closed-kinetic-chain exercises were examined, including: (1) bodyweight squat, (2) countermovement jump, and (3) squat jump. For each exercise, three experimental conditions were tested: (1) control condition with no band; (2) light-tension band applied around the distal thighs; and (3) medium-tension band applied around the distal thighs. Two dependent measures were used for analyses: (1) knee width normalized to ankle width and (2) peak external knee moment. In the absence of any feedback, application of the resistance bands failed to promote 'neutral' knee alignment when squatting and jumping. The stiffest resistance band resulted in significantly lower (p = 0.002) peak-width index values during the ascent phase of the countermovement jump. Additionally, the use of the medium-tension band resulted in significantly larger (p = 0.002) peak knee abduction moments compared to the no bands condition during the descent portion of the bodyweight squat and countermovement jump exercises. These findings conflict with previous clinical case reports on the proprioceptive response induced by resistance bands.
Available from: Boyi Dai
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ABSTRACT: An increased knee abduction angle during jump-landing has been identified as a risk factor for anterior cruciate ligament injuries. Activation of the hip abductors may decrease the knee abduction angle during jump-landing. The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of a resistance band on the internal hip abduction moment and gluteus medius activation during the pre-landing (100 ms before initial contact) and early-landing (100 ms after initial contact) phases of a jump-landing-jump task. Thirteen male and 15 female recreational athletes (age: 21.1±2.4 yr; mass: 73.8±14.6 kg; height: 1.76±0.1 m) participated in the study. Subjects performed jump-landing-jump tasks with or without a resistance band applied to their lower shanks. During the with-band condition, subjects were instructed to maintain their movement patterns as performing the jump-landing task without a resistance band. Lower extremity kinematics, kinetics, and gluteus medius electromyography (EMG) were collected. Applying the band increased the average hip abduction moment during pre-landing (p<0.001, Cohen's d (d)=2.8) and early-landing (p<0.001, d=1.5), and the average gluteus medius EMG during pre-landing (p<0.001, d=1.0) and early-landing (p=0.003, d=0.55). Applying the band decreased the initial hip flexion angle (p=0.028, d=0.25), initial hip abduction angle (p<0.001, d=0.91), maximum knee flexion angle (p=0.046, d=0.17), and jump height (p=0.004, d=0.16). Applying a resistance band provides a potential strategy to train the strength and muscle activation for the gluteus medius during jump-landing. Additional instructions and feedback regarding hip abduction, hip flexion, and knee flexion may be required to minimize negative changes to other kinematic variables.
Available from: PubMed Central
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ABSTRACT: [Purpose] The lunge Motion that occurs frequently in fencing training and matches results in imbalance of the upper and lower limbs muscles. This research focuses on the improvement of the imbalance that occurs in the national team fencers of the Republic of Korea through specific muscle imbalance improvement training. [Subjects] The subjects of this research were limited to right-handed male fencers. Nine male, right-handed national fencing athletes were selected for this study (4 epee, 5 sabre; age 28.2 ± 2.2 years; height 182.3 ± 4.0 cm; weight 76.5 ± 8.2 kg; experience 12.4 ± 3.0 years). [Methods] The specific muscle imbalance improvement training program was performed for 12 weeks and Pre-Post tests were to evaluate its effect on the experimental group. Measurements comprised anthropometry, test of balance, and movement analysis. [Results] After the training program, mediolateral sway of the nondominant lower limb and the balance scale showed statistically significant improvement. [Conclusion] The specific muscle imbalance improvement training program used in this research was proven to be effective for improving the muscle imbalance of elite fencers.
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