Cervical Juxtafacet cyst combined with spinal dysraphism

Department of Neurology, Semmelweis University Faculty of Medicine, Budapest, Hungary.
Clinical imaging (Impact Factor: 0.81). 09/2008; 32(5):387-9. DOI: 10.1016/j.clinimag.2008.02.034
Source: PubMed


Juxtafacet cysts of the cervical and thoracic spine are rare and often cause radiculopathy or myelopathy. We present a case of a patient with radicular pain and early onset myelopathy. A juxtafacet cyst at the cervico-thoracic junction combined with discal herniation and spina bifida occulta was diagnosed with computed tomography (CT) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). Laminectomy with removal of the cyst was the treatment and the patient recovered rapidly.

Download full-text


Available from: Ildikó Vastagh, May 13, 2015
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: A prospective study. To validate the effectiveness of push-traction film (PTF) in assessment of curve flexibility in adolescent idiopathic scoliosis. There is no agreement among surgeons about the most advantageous method in flexibility evaluation of scoliosis. As all methods available provide the orthopedic force from one direction and use a single torque, it is difficult for them to achieve the postoperative correction; also they could not meet the needs for different types of curves. Precisely controlled bidirectional (push and traction) orthopedic forces were applied for curve flexibility evaluation in 31 consecutive adolescent idiopathic scoliosis patients. The correction rate (CR) of postoperation, supine side-bending, suspension, and fulcrum bending radiographs were compared with PTF in instrumented main thoracic (MT) and thoracolumbar/lumbar curves. Correlation and linear regression analyses were also been done to find the best predictor among the four methods. In MT group, CR of PTF was significantly higher than that of side bending (P = 0.010) and suspension (P = 0.000) but not significantly different from that of fulcrum bending (P = 0.335). In TL/L group, CR of PTF was significantly higher than that of suspension (P = 0.000), but not significantly different from that of side bending (P = 0.681) and fulcrum bending (P = 0.382). There was no significant difference between CR of PTF and postoperation in both MT (P = 0.122) and TL/L (P = 0.068) groups. Correlation and linear regression analyses showed that PTF provided the highest correlation of the four methods, with the postoperative angle in both MT (r = 0.957) and MT/L group (r = 0.779). To our knowledge, this was the first report about using precisely controlled bidirectional correction forces for curve flexibility evaluation. Although it did not achieve the best CR among the four methods studied, correlation and regression analyses confirmed that PTF was a more stable and accurate method to predict flexibility. We believe that further exploration of a more rational push-traction force ratio would help to obtain a better flexibility.
    No preview · Article · Sep 2011 · Spine
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Retrospective study The authors' aim of the present study is to report their experience with subaxial cervical synovial cysts hoping to provide further insight into these lesions including the presenting symptoms, possible mechanisms of cyst development associated with cervical level, surgical treatments and clinical outcomes. Synovial cysts are relatively common in the lumbar spine and very uncommonly identified in the subaxial cervical spine. Several case reports and a few small series have been reported in the literature over the past four decades. The authors retrospectively reviewed the cases of 35 patients who underwent surgical treatment for histologically confirmed symptomatic subaxial cervical synovial cysts between 1993 and 2009. The presenting symptoms, age, sex, cervical level, operation, complications and outcomes were analyzed in this cohort. Preoperative and postoperative neurologic assessments were done by staff neurologists independent of the operating surgeon. This study was approved by the Mayo Clinic institutional review board. Thirty-five patients underwent surgical treatment for their synovial cysts and follow-up for at least 12 months postoperatively. The mean follow-up time was 49 months (range, 12-134). There were no deaths associated with the surgery. There was one postoperative infection in a patient undergoing a decompressive laminectomy and posterior instrumented fusion. Patient outcomes were assessed using the Modified Rankin Score for 12 patients was 0, 17 patients was 1, 4 patients was 2, and 2 patients was 3. This series of 35 patients with subaxial cervical synovial cysts surgically treated over a period of 17 years illustrates the relative rarity of these lesions. Magnetic resonance imaging is currently the optimal radiographic study to identify these lesions. Surgical resection can be an effective treatment.
    No preview · Article · Feb 2011 · Spine
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Anterior cervical discectomy and fusion (ACDF) is a common neurosurgical procedure, and the benefits, long-term outcomes, and complications are well described in the literature. The development of a juxtafacet joint cyst resulting in radiculopathy is a rare outcome after ACDF and merits further description. The authors describe a patient in whom a juxtafacet joint cyst developed after ACDF procedures, resulting in surgical intervention. When a juxtafacet joint cyst develops after ACDF, symptoms can include radiculopathy, neck pain, and neurological symptoms such as paresthesias and motor weakness. The presence of a juxtafacet joint cyst implies instability in that region of the spine. Patients with this pathological entity may require decompression of neural elements and fusion across the segment involved with the cyst.
    Preview · Article · Oct 2011 · Neurosurgical FOCUS
Show more