Maintenance Study for Adolescent Depression

Sunnybrook Health Sciences Centre, Toronto, Ontario, Canada.
Journal of child and adolescent psychopharmacology (Impact Factor: 2.93). 09/2008; 18(4):389-94. DOI: 10.1089/cap.2008.0001
Source: PubMed


Although recent studies and meta-analyses confirm the efficacy of antidepressants in the acute phase of treatment for adolescent depression, there are few data available to allow assessment of the value of continued use of antidepressants in depressed adolescents after acute response. This study examines the benefit of maintenance treatment with sertraline in adolescents aged 13-19 years with major depression using a multi-site randomized placebo controlled discontinuation design.
Subjects with a diagnosis of depression who responded to open-label treatment with sertraline in a 12-week acute phase and did not relapse with open-label continuation treatment for 24 weeks were randomized to placebo or continued treatment with sertraline for 52 weeks.
Twenty-two subjects were randomized to maintenance treatment with sertraline (n = 13) versus placebo (n = 9). A higher proportion of subjects treated with sertraline (38%) remained well as compared to those on placebo (0%). Survival analyses found no significant differences between the groups (p = 0.17).
This is the first study to examine the outcome to maintenance treatment for adolescents with major depression. Although the sample size was small, the findings suggest a possible benefit of maintenance treatment with sertraline over placebo. A larger clinical trial with adequate power is required to confirm or disconfirm these findings.

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Available from: Margaret Danielle Weiss
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    • "Forty-six papers met inclusion criteria, constituting 49 samples and 3,454 patients (Klerman et al., 1974; Coppen et al., 1978; Stein et al., 1980; van Praag and de Haan, 1980; Davidson and Raft, 1984; Harrison et al., 1986; Montgomery et al., 1988, 1993, 1998, 2004; Georgotas et al., 1989; Robinson et al., 1991; Doogan and Caillard, 1992; Claghorn and Feighner, 1993; Montgomery and Dunbar, 1993; Anton et al., 1994; Robert and Montgomery, 1995; Bremner and Smith, 1996; Entsuah et al., 1996; Kocsis et al., 1996, 2007; Stewart et al., 1997; Keller et al., 1998; Reimherr et al., 1998; Terra and Montgomery, 1998; Reynolds et al., 1999; Alexopoulos et al., 2000; Rouillon et al., 2000; Schmidt et al., 2000; Gilaberte et al., 2001; Hochstrasser et al., 2001; Klysner et al., 2002; Wilson et al., 2003; Detke et al., 2004; Simon et al., 2004; Amsterdam and Bodkin, 2006; Kamijima et al., 2006; Lustman et al., 2006; McGrath et al., 2006; Perahia et al., 2006, 2009; Gorwood et al., 2007; Cheung et al., 2008; Dobson et al., 2008; Emslie et al., 2008; Rickels et al., 2010). The information extracted from each study is listed in Table A1 in the Appendix. "
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