Once-daily fluticasone furoate is efficacious in asthma patients symptomatic on low-dose inhaled corticosteroids
Fluticasone furoate (FF) is an inhaled corticosteroid (ICS) with 24-hour activity in development as a once-daily treatment for the long-term management of asthma. To assess the efficacy and safety of 4 doses of once-daily FF administered using a dry powder inhaler in patients (≥12 years) with moderate asthma, uncontrolled on low-dose ICS (fluticasone propionate [FP] 200 μg/day or equivalent). This double-blind, placebo-controlled, dose-ranging study randomized 622 patients to 1 of 6 treatments: FF (100, 200, 300, or 400 μg) once daily in the evening, FP 250 μg twice daily (active control), or placebo for 8 weeks. The primary endpoint was the change from baseline in predose evening forced expiratory colume in 1 second (FEV(1)) at week 8. At week 8, relative to placebo, all doses of FF once daily and FP twice daily demonstrated significantly (P < .001) greater increases from baseline and greater than 200-mL increases in predose FEV(1). There was no evidence of a dose-response relationship between FF doses. Improvement with once-daily FF was similar to or greater than that for twice-daily FP. Secondary efficacy endpoint findings generally supported the efficacy of FF 100 to 400 μg once daily, although statistically significant improvements versus placebo in symptom-free 24-hour periods were only reported for FF 400 μg. There were few withdrawals due to lack of efficacy. Oral candidiasis was reported in 0 to 4% of patients; 24-hour urinary cortisol excretion ratios were similar across active treatment groups and not significantly different from placebo. FF 100 to 400 μg once daily in the evening is effective and well tolerated in patients with asthma uncontrolled on low-dose ICS, with 100 μg and 200 μg, considered the most applicable doses in this asthma population. clinicaltrials.gov Identifier: NCT00603278.