Diagnostic challenge: Intraductal neoplasms of the pancreatobiliary system
Department of Diagnostic Pathology, Showa University Fujigaoka Hospital, Yokohama, JapanPathology - Research and Practice (Impact Factor: 1.4). 10/2012; 208(11). DOI: 10.1016/j.prp.2012.09.002
To help pathologists avoid misdiagnosis of intraductal neoplasms arising from the pancreatobiliary system, we report two cases that illustrate diagnostic pitfalls. The first is of a 66-year-old man who complained of appetite loss. An early examination led to a diagnosis of intraductal papillary mucinous neoplasm. Macroscopically, a multilocular cyst without visible mucin was identified. Histologically, the compartments consisted of complex fusion of tubular glands surrounded by dilated pancreatic duct. The neoplasm resembled an acinar cell cystadenocarcinoma. However, the neoplastic cells were negative for trypsin. Thus, the final histopathologic diagnosis was an unusual cystic variant of intraductal tubulopapillary neoplasm (ITPN) of the pancreas. The second case is of a 71-year-old man who complained of right upper quadrant pain. Although bile duct stone was suspected, a polypoid nodule was extracted. Histologically, the nodule was composed of tubular glands, with some complex fusion and focal dysplasia, consistent with carcinoma. In addition, lack of MUC-5AC expression led to an initial impression of ITPN of the bile duct. However, the neoplasm showed dysplastic cells based on the columnar cells resembling pyloric glands, indicating the sequential progression. Thus, the final histopathological diagnosis was intraductal papillary neoplasm of the bile duct with high-grade intraepithelial neoplasia. Because phenotypic variants of intraductal neoplasms of the pancreatobiliary system exist, ITPN and ITPN-mimicking tumor must be carefully differentiated from other intraductal neoplasms.
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ABSTRACT: We report a 74-year-old man with intraductal tubulopapillary neoplasm (ITPN), a rare primary intraductal neoplasm of the pancreas. Focal intense uptake of F-FDG was seen on the initial PET, corresponding to a pancreatic mass. Although the patient had no treatment, the uptake was mild to moderate on a second PET performed about 1 month later. The tumor was resected, with the final diagnosis of ITPN with an associated invasive carcinoma. Clinicians should be aware that decreased uptake of FDG during the follow-up period without treatment can occur even in malignant tumors.
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