Prevalence and abundance of Staphylococcus aureus in the middle meatus of patients with chronic rhinosinusitis, nasal polyps, and asthma

ArticleinInternational Forum of Allergy and Rhinology 3(4) · April 2013with20 Reads
Impact Factor: 2.37 · DOI: 10.1002/alr.21101 · Source: PubMed

    Abstract

    Background:
    Chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS) is an idiosyncratic and multifactorial disease process. Bacteria play a role in some patients, by infection or stimulation of inflammation. Staphylococcus aureus (SA) appears to be implicated in a number of infectious and inflammatory mechanisms, and may be particularly relevant in CRS patients with nasal polyps and asthma.

    Methods:
    Middle meatus swabs from control and CRS patients collected during endoscopic sinus surgery were analyzed by quantitative polymerase chain reaction (QPCR). Total bacterial count, SA prevalence, and SA abundance were examined with respect to patient demographics and disease characteristics.

    Results:
    Total bacteria, as measured by QPCR, was not statistically different between controls, CRS without nasal polyps (CRSsNP), CRS with nasal polyps (CRSwNP), or CRS with asthma groups (p < 0.09). Total bacterial counts did not correlate with disease severity as measured by Lund-Mackay computed tomography (CT) scores (p = 0.65). The prevalence of SA was similar between groups (15-25%); however, the abundance increased in CRS patients with allergic rhinitis, nasal polyps, and asthma.

    Conclusion:
    The paranasal sinuses are not sterile. SA is implicated in a subset of CRS patients with nasal polyps and/or asthma. Further study is required to predict this subset of patients, and to define the mechanisms of SA pathogenesis.