Prevalence and impact of GBV-C, SEN-V and HBV occult infections in HIV-HCV co-infected patients oil HCV therapy

Service des Maladies Infectieuses, CHU Dijon, 10, Boulevard du Maréchal de Lattre de Tassigny, 21079 DIJON Cedex, France.
Journal of Hepatology (Impact Factor: 11.34). 08/2008; 49(6):892-8. DOI: 10.1016/j.jhep.2008.06.024
Source: PubMed


It has been suggested that, in HIV-HCV co-infected patients, co-infections with other viruses may affect the response to HCV therapy. We aimed to assess the prevalence of GBV-C, SEN-V and occult HBV infections, their impact on HCV and HIV infections and on the response to HCV therapy in HIV-HCV co-infected patients.
Three-hundred and sixty eight patients were tested before starting interferon-ribavirin for the presence of occult hepatitis B DNA, GBV-C RNA and SEN-V DNA by using real time PCR. Clinical, immunological, virological, histological characteristics and response to HCV therapy were compared according to the presence or not of each viral co-infection.
HBV DNA, GBV-C RNA and SEN-V DNA were found in 5 (1.4%, CI95%: 0.2-2.4%), 104 (29.9%, CI95%: 25.1-34.7%) and 209 patients (57.9%, CI95%: 52.8-63.0%), respectively. GBV-C positive patients had significantly higher CD4 count at baseline, during and after HCV therapy, even after stratification on antiretroviral treatment. No other significant difference was observed according to the presence or not of GBV-C or SEN-V co-infection, in particular regarding virological responses to HCV combination therapy.
There is no reason to withhold HCV therapy in HIV infected patients who have access to HAART, because of occult HBV, GBV-C or SEN-V co-infections.

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    • "Previous studies on the association between HCV infection and OBI persistence in HIV-infected cases have given conflicting results [17][18][21]. The percentage of OBI in HIV-HCV-positive patients varies considerably in different studies from less than 1% [50], to 1.4%-5% [51][52][53], 10% [54], 33%-35% [20][42] and more than 40% [55]. In another study 21% of HIV-HCV co-infected patients had detectable HBV-DNA in their plasma and OBI was significantly higher in HCV co-infected subjects than HCV-negative cases [56]. "
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