The effect of PGE administration on the activity of oxidative system in erythrocytes and platelets during ischemia reperfusion injury and on postoperative renal function in patients undergoing open abdominal aortic aneurysm reconstruction
Department of Medical Analytics, Pomeranian Medical University in Szczecin, Poland.Journal of biological regulators and homeostatic agents (Impact Factor: 2.04). 07/2012; 26(3):429-438. DOI: 10.1088/2058-7058/21/05/13
Postoperative decline of renal function remains a common and unpredictable complication after abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) reconstruction. The oxidative stress that occurs during perioperative ischemia/reperfusion injury (I/R) may contribute to the development of this complication. In this study, the influence of intraoperative prostaglandin E (alprostadil) administration on erythrocyte and platelet antioxidants as well as postoperative kidney function modulation were verified. AAA patients were randomly divided into control and study/alprostadil groups. Blood samples were collected directly before aortic clamping and 5 min after aortic declamping. Superoxide dismutase, catalase, glutathione, glutathione peroxidase (GPx), and glutathione transferase (GST) were measured using spectrophotometry. During I/R, the activity of catalase (57.14+/-30.65 vs 128.35+/-91.94 U/mg protein; P < 0.009), GPx (0.21+/-0.18 vs 0.35+/-0.21 mU/g protein; P = 0.028), and GST (217.49+/-101.39 vs 310.66+/-88.86 mU/g protein; P = 0.0006) significantly increased in the control group. GST activity before the aortic clamping was significantly lower in the study/alprostadil group (2.84+/-2.28 vs 3.48+/-2.30 U/g Hb; P = 0.05). The activity of the selected antioxidants proved to be of a diagnostic value for predicting postoperative decline in renal function. In conclusion, during I/R after AAA reconstruction, activation of various erythrocyte and platelet antioxidants occurs. Perioperative administration of alprostadil is associated with disruption of this activation.
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ABSTRACT: Complement-derived molecules modulate the intensity of renal ischemia-reperfusion injury and may lead to the generation of biochemical signals [such as stromal-derived factor-1 (SDF-1) or sphingosine-1-phosphate (S1P)], which stimulate tissue/organ regeneration after injury. We tested the association between perioperative C5b-9/membrane attack complex (MAC) levels and intensified erythrocyte lysis, and asked whether significant changes in the levels of pro-regenerative substances occur during the early phase of renal allograft reperfusion. Seventy-five recipients were enrolled and divided into the early, slow, and delayed graft function (DGF) groups. Perioperative blood samples were collected from the renal vein during consecutive minutes of reperfusion. Extracellular hemoglobin (eHb), albumin (plasma S1P transporter), 8-iPF2α-III isoprostane, SDF-1 and S1P concentrations were measured. Throughout the reperfusion period, erythrocyte lysis intensified and was most pronounced in the DGF group. However, perioperative eHb levels did not correlate significantly with C5b-9/MAC values, but rather with the intensity of oxidative stress. No significant changes were observed in S1P, its plasma transporter (albumin) or SDF-1 levels, which were relatively low in all groups throughout the reperfusion period. Our study therefore demonstrates that no known biochemical signal for bone marrow-derived stem cell mobilization is released from human renal allografts to the periphery during the early phase of reperfusion.
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ABSTRACT: Oxidative stress is considered to increase in proportion to the severity of surgical trauma. However, the biochemical marker which best reflects the severe oxidative stress following major surgery, such as esophagectomy, has not been determined. Multiple studies have concluded that there is a reduction in antioxidative activities in response to surgical trauma. Evidence from animal studies has shown that oxidative stress is associated with postoperative complications. Clinical studies have suggested that the oxidative stress after ischemia-reperfusion injury, caused by surgery for abdominal aortic aneurysm and coronary artery bypass graft operation, is associated with subsequent surgical morbidities. A recent international, randomized, blinded trial involving critically ill patients with multiorgan failure revealed that supplementation with antioxidants, including selenium, zinc, beta-carotene, vitamin E, and vitamin C, showed no therapeutic benefits. In contrast, supplemental L-carnitine, glutamine, and coenzyme Q10 showed promising activity with the potential to reduce oxidative stress induced by surgical trauma or catheter angioplasty. Although there are still many unresolved issues, such as the optimum dose or the most appropriate antioxidant combination to treat a particular condition, controlling oxidative stress may be another potential tool for perioperative management to reduce morbidity after severe surgical trauma.
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