Anti-inflammatory effect of ethanolic extract from Myagropsis myagroides on murine macrophages and mouse ear edema

Article (PDF Available)inBMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine 12(1):171 · October 2012with77 Reads
DOI: 10.1186/1472-6882-12-171 · Source: PubMed
Abstract
Background This study aims to investigate anti-inflammatory effect of ethanolic extract of Myagropsis myagroides (EMM) in the lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-stimulated RAW 264.7 macrophages and the phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate (PMA)-induced ear edema in mice, and to clarify its underlying molecular mechanisms. Methods The levels of nitric oxide (NO), prostaglandin E2 (PGE2), and pro-inflammatory cytokines were measured by Griess assay and enzyme linked immunosorbent assay. The expressions of inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS), cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2), mitogen-activated protein kinases (MAPKs), and Akt were measured using Western blotting. Nuclear translocation and transcriptional activation of nuclear factor-κB (NF-κB) were determined by immunocytochemistry and reporter gene assay, respectively. PMA-induced mouse ear edema was used as the animal model of inflammation. Anti-inflammatory compounds in EMM were isolated using high-performance liquid chromatography and identified by nuclear magnetic resonance. Results EMM significantly inhibited the production of NO, PGE2, and pro-inflammatory cytokines in a dose-dependent manner and suppressed the expression of iNOS and COX-2 in LPS-stimulated RAW 264.7 cells. EMM strongly suppressed nuclear translocation of NF-κB by preventing degradation of inhibitor of κB-α as well as by inhibiting phosphorylation of Akt and MAPKs. EMM reduced ear edema in PMA-induced mice. One of the anti-inflammatory compounds in EMM was identified as 6,6’-bieckol. Conclusions These results suggest that the anti-inflammatory properties of EMM are associated with the down-regulation of iNOS, COX-2, and pro-inflammatory cytokines through the inhibition of NF-κB pathway in LPS-stimulated macrophages.
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    • "Phaeophyceae have a merit for industrialization due to their easy availability and low side effects. Many studies have elucidated the molecular mechanisms of the anti-inflammatory action of extracts from Phaeophyceae, including M. myagroides (Joung et al. 2012b; Kim et al. 2013; Joung et al. 2015), Ecklonia stolonifera (Lee et al. 2012), Ecklonia cava (Jung et al. 2009), and Saccharania japonica (Lee et al. 2013). Among Phaeophyceae, the Sargassum spp. "
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Sargassum, a genus of brown algae (Phaeophyceae) in the Sargassaceae family, comprises approximately 400 species in the world. Among them, Sargassum serratifolium has been reported to have high level of meroterpenoids, which have antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, and neuroprotective activities. This study investigated the anti-inflammatory mechanism of ethanolic extract of S. serratifolium (ESS) in lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-stimulated peritoneal macrophages and identified anti-inflammatory compounds in ESS. ESS inhibited LPS-induced nitric oxide (NO) and prostaglandin E2 and the expression of inducible nitric oxide synthase and cyclooxygenase-2. ESS also reduced the release of pro-inflammatory cytokines in a dose-dependent manner. LPS-induced nuclear factor-κB transcriptional activity and translocation into the nucleus were significantly inhibited by ESS treatment through the prevention of the degradation of inhibitor κB-α. Furthermore, ESS inhibited the production of pro-inflammatory cytokines in mouse serum. The main anti-inflammatory components in ESS were identified as sargahydroquinoic acid, sargachromenol, and sargaquinoic acid based on the inhibition of NO production. Our results indicate that ESS can be used as a potential source of therapeutic agents for the treatment of inflammatory diseases.
    Full-text · Article · Sep 2016
    • "In the previous studies, we demonstrated anti-inflammatory mechanisms of the ethanolic extract of M. myagroides using RAW 264.7 and BV2 cells and identified active compounds as phlorofucofuroeckol B and sargachromenol [16,19,20]. The present study was undertaken to isolate the anti-inflammatory and antioxidant compound, SQA, from M. myagroides. "
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Myagropsis myagroides, a brown alga, showed strong anti-inflammatory activities in the previous studies. In this study, we isolated a strong anti-inflammatory compound, sargaquinoic acid (SQA), from M. myagroides and investigated the anti-inflammatory action using lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-stimulated RAW 264.7 cells. SQA suppressed the production of inducible nitric oxide synthase and cyclooxygenase-2 in LPS-stimulated cells as well as that of reactive oxygen species. As a result, SQA inhibited the production of NO, prostaglandin E2, and pro-inflammatory cytokines. LPS-induced transcriptional activation of nuclear factor-κB (NF-κB) was remarkably inhibited by SQA treatment through the prevention of inhibitor κB-α degradation. The regulation of NF-κB activation was also mediated by the phosphorylation of ERK and Akt in LPS-stimulated RAW 264.7 cells. Moreover, SQA induced the production of heme oxygenase 1 via activation of transcription factor Nrf2. These results indicate that SQA inhibits the LPS-induced expression of inflammatory mediators via suppression of ERK and Akt-mediated NF-κB pathway as well as up-regulation of Nrf2/HO-1 pathway, indicating that SQA has a potential therapeutic and preventive application in various inflammatory diseases.
    Full-text · Article · Oct 2015
    • "Therefore, safe compounds with the anti-inflammatory potential are needed in therapeutic treatment and prophylaxis of inflammation-related diseases including atherosclerosis, inflammatory arthritis and even neoplasm. The reducing effect of natural compounds on inflammation by suppression of inflammatory cytokines in vivo and in vitro applicable in such cases has been described40414243. However, the effect of EP on the immune system response has not been well studied yet. "
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Background This study aims to investigate the anti-inflammatory effect of biologically active phospholipids (BAP) used in preparations for clinical practice in humans. Until date, except anti-neoplastic ability, little is known about anti-inflammatory property of the phospholipids. Methods While the course of bacterially induced acute pneumonia and markers of inflammation were studied in in vivo system in pigs orally supplemented with BAP, the pro- and anti-inflammatory response of lipopolysaccharide-stimulated porcine monocyte-derived macrophages to 24 h- and 48 h-treatmeant by BAP was investigated in in vitro system. In vivo, the animal health status was monitored and pro-inflammatory IL-1β and IL-8 in sera were detected by ELISA during the experiment, while bronchoalveolar lavage fluids (BALF) and the lungs were examined post-mortem. Total and differential counts of white blood cell (WBC) were determined in blood and BALF. In vitro, mRNA expression of pro-inflammatory (TNF-α, IL-1β, CXCL10) and anti-inflammatory (IL-10 and Arg1) cytokines, and level of activated caspase 1 and phosphorylated protein kinase C epsilon (pPKCϵ), were studied using qRT-PCR and Western blot, respectively. For the purposes of both systems, 6 animals were used in each of the BAP-supplemented and the control groups. Results In vivo, BAP had a positive influence on the course of the disease. The immunomodulatory effects of BAP were confirmed by lower levels of IL-1β, IL-8, and a lower WBC count in the supplemented group in comparison with the control group. A lower percentage of lung parenchyma was affected in the supplemented group comparing to the control group (on average, 4% and 34% of tissue, respectively). In vitro, BAP suppressed mRNA expression of mRNA for IL-10 and all pro-inflammatory cytokines tested. This down-regulation was dose- and time-dependent. Arg1 mRNA expression remained unaffected. Further dose- and time-dependent suppression of the activated caspase 1 and pPKCϵ was detected in macrophages when treated with BAP. Conclusions Our results demonstrate that BAP has anti-inflammatory and immunomodulatory properties, thus emphasizing the potential of this compound as a natural healing agent.
    Full-text · Article · Sep 2014
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