Strategies for breastfeeding success
Offutt Air Force Base/University of Nebraska Medical Center Family Medicine Residency, Omaha, Nebraska 68113, USA. American family physician
(Impact Factor: 2.18).
Breastfeeding provides significant health benefits for infants and mothers. However, the United States continues to fall short of the breastfeeding goals set by the Healthy People 2010 initiative. The American Academy of Family Physicians, the American Academy of Pediatrics, and the American College of Obstetrics and Gynecology have policy statements supporting breastfeeding that reflect recent advancements in understanding the mechanisms underlying the benefits of breastfeeding and in the clinical management of breastfeeding. Despite popular belief, there are few contraindications to breastfeeding. Providing maternal support and structured antenatal and postpartum breastfeeding education are the most effective means of achieving breastfeeding success. In addition, immediate skin-to-skin contact between mother and infant and early initiation of breastfeeding are shown to improve breastfeeding outcomes. When concerns about lactation arise during newborn visits, the infant must be carefully assessed for jaundice, weight loss, and signs of failure to thrive. If a work-up is required, parents should be supported in their decision to breastfeed. Certified lactation consultants can provide valuable support and education to patients. Physicians should educate working women who breastfeed about the availability of breast pumps and the proper storage of expressed breast milk. Physicians must be aware of their patients' lactation status when prescribing medications, as some may affect milk supply or be unsafe for breastfeeding infants. Through support and encouragement of breastfeeding, national breastfeeding goals can be met.
Available from: journal.unnes.ac.id
- "ASI merupakan susu paling sesuai untuk bayi dan secara unik disesuaikan dengan kebutuhan bayi (Ikram, 2010). ASI merupakan sumber nutrisi istimewa untuk semua bayi baru lahir dan bayi sampai 6 bulan pertama kehidupan (Keister, 2008). ASI eksklusif didefinisikan sebagai pemberian hanya ASI kepada bayi tanpa minuman atau makan suplemen kecuali obat dan vitamin/ mineral World Health Organization (WHO) menyatakan bahwa nutrisi optimal adalah ASI eksklusif untuk 6 bulan pertama dan dilanjutkan pemberian ASI sampai 2 tahun (Hoddinot, 2009). "
Available from: Corinne A. Isaak
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ABSTRACT: In July, 2003, a cross-sectional survey was conducted by Heinz Canada, on a nationally representative sample of mothers with infants aged three to 12 months. The surveys mailed to new mothers consisted of 1) a questionnaire to as-sess demographic information and 2) a four day food diary, providing dietary data for nearly 2,951 infants. The initiation rate of breastfeeding was 73% for study infants. At three months, 81% of the infants received complementary foods (mostly cereal, fruits, and vegetables, but some had also been introduced to meats, dairy products, and mixed dishes). These data suggest a current pattern for the early introduction of complementary foods, some by three months and the ma-jority by six months of age. The World Health Organization (WHO) and Health Canada now recommend exclusive breastfeeding until six months of age. The impact this recommendation may have on the feeding pattern of Canadian in-fants remains to be seen.
Available from: liebertonline.com
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