Synthesis of CuO Nanorods, Reduction of CuO into Cu Nanorods, and Diffuse Reflectance Measurements of CuO and Cu Nanomaterials in the Near Infrared Region

ArticleinThe Journal of Physical Chemistry C 114(34) · August 2010with30 Reads
Impact Factor: 4.77 · DOI: 10.1021/jp103761h

    Abstract

    CuO nanorods were synthesized by hydrothermal methods with three different chemical combinations: (i) copper nitrate, lactic acid, and sodium hydroxide; (ii) copper sulfate, sodium lactate, and sodium hydroxide; and (iii) copper nitrate and sodium hydroxide. Physical parameters, concentration, temperature, and aging time, greatly affected the size and morphology of the nanorods; CuO nanoparticles were also prepared. These nanorods and nanoparticles were reduced to metallic copper at elevated temperature by 4% H2 diluted in helium. The morphology of CuO nanomaterials (nanorods and nanoparticles) was preserved after reduction. These CuO and Cu nanorods and nanoparticles were characterized by XRD, SEM, TEM, SEM-EDS, and BET measurements. The CuO and Cu nanomaterials were employed for near-infrared (NIR) diffuse reflectance. Among these materials, CuO nanorods were to be found the best NIR diffuse reflectors, indicating potential application as NIR obscurants.