Patterns and predictors of first-line chemotherapy use among adults with advanced non-small cell lung cancer in the cancer research network

ArticleinLung cancer (Amsterdam, Netherlands) 78(3) · September 2012with27 Reads
DOI: 10.1016/j.lungcan.2012.09.008 · Source: PubMed
Background: Relatively low rates of chemotherapy receipt have been observed in older patients diagnosed with advanced non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) in SEER-Medicare-based studies. However, little is known about variation in first-line NSCLC chemotherapy use in younger patients, health maintenance organization (HMO)-based settings, and for high-cost, novel agents, such as bevacizumab and erlotinib. Methods: A cohort of 6614 stage IIIB/IV NSCLC patients aged ≥ 21 years diagnosed between 2000 and 2007 was identified at four HMOs that participate in the Cancer Research Network (CRN). Demographic, comorbidity, tumor characteristics, and chemotherapy treatment data were included in logistic regression models to identify factors associated with chemotherapy receipt and tests of association examined secular and age-specific variation in first-line chemotherapy regimens. Results: Within 120 days of diagnosis, 3612 (55%) patients received chemotherapy; increasing from 52% of patients diagnosed in 2000 to 59% in 2007 (p<0.001). Receipt was significantly higher for patients aged <65 years (64% versus 46% in ≥ 65) and was inversely related to stage and comorbidites (all p<0.001). Carboplatin and paclitaxel were received most frequently. Erlotinib and bevacizumab use in the later years of the study was associated with a significant change in distributions of first-line chemotherapies (p<0.001). Conclusions: For patients alive 30 days post diagnosis, chemotherapy use was higher in the aged population (>65 years) than previously published estimates, and higher still among younger patients. Chemotherapy use increased over the observation period, and the mix of first-line therapies used changed substantially over time. Of note, novel, high cost treatments were used in first-line therapy prior to FDA approval, increasing significantly throughout the study period. These findings demonstrate the utility of HMO CRN data to augment SEER-Medicare to conduct comparative effectiveness research related to chemotherapy use and the use of specific agents, especially among younger patients.
    • "Nevertheless, the lower rate of improvement among SQC patients from areas with high poverty (APC of only +1.6%) potentially identifies a particularly vulnerable group with impaired access to chemotherapy and/or supportive care. In the US reports by Ritzwoller et al. and Davidoff et al., patients from areas with the highest median income had odds ratio of 1.4-1.5 for receipt of any chemotherapy when compared with the poorest areas [26, 27]. In conclusion, the beneficial effects of ADEspecific systemic therapies in mNSCLC are now detectable on a population scale. "
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Erlotinib, bevacizumab, and pemetrexed improved survival of metastatic non-small cell lung cancer (mN-SCLC) in clinical trials, but their benefits are restricted to non-squamous histology. We studied recent survival trends in mNSCLC subpopulations defined by histology and associated clinical factors correlating with adenocarcinoma or endothelial growth factor receptor mutations. Using the Surveillance, Epidemiology and End Results database, we calculated relative survival at 1 year from diagnosis for mNSCLC cases diagnosed in 2000-2011. Trends by histol-ogy, age, sex, race, prevalence of smoking or poverty, expressed as annual percent change (APC) using joinpoint regression, were compared by test of slope parallelism (P par). Among 226,446 cases, 47% had adenocarcinoma, 20% squamous carcinoma, 6% other, and 27% unspecified histology. The proportion of cases designated as ad-enocarcinoma significantly increased after 2005. One-year survival increased from 23.5% in 2000 to 30.5% in 2010, significantly more for adenocarcinoma (APC, 3.3%) than squamous carcinoma (APC, 2.1%, P par =0.0018). For patients with adenocarcinoma, these trends were significantly better for Asians than Whites (P par =0.012) and for areas with fewer smokers (P par =0.014). Such differences were not observed for squamous carcinoma (P par =0.87 and 0.14, respectively). The absolute disparity in one-year survival between adenocarcinoma and squamous carcinoma increased from 1.6% in 2000 to 5.5% in 2010. The disparity between Asians and Whites increased from 5.2% to 13.1%, respectively. These data demonstrate that improvement in survival of mNSCLC since 2000 is now evident on a population scale. The superior increment for patients with adenocarcinoma, particularly among Asians and in communities with fewer smokers, suggests impact of the newly introduced, histology-specific agents, rather than better supportive care alone. Growing disparities between adenocarcinoma and squamous carcinoma highlight the needs to intensify research on treatment for subgroups that did not benefit from recent advances.
    Full-text · Article · Jul 2015
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Background: Randomized trials report equivalent efficacy among various combinations of platinum-based regimens in advanced non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). Their relative effectiveness and comparability based on squamous versus nonsquamous histology is uncertain. Methods: The authors used the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results (SEER)-Medicare linked data to identify first-line chemotherapy agents administered to Medicare beneficiaries with stage IIIB or IV NSCLC diagnosed from 2000 to 2007. Overall survival was compared between patients who received the 3 most common regimens: carboplatin-paclitaxel, carboplatin-gemcitabine, and carboplatin-docetaxel. Stratified analyses distinguished between the outcomes of patients with squamous versus nonsquamous cell histology. Multivariable Cox proportional hazards models and propensity score analyses facilitated adjustment for imbalance in measurable patient characteristics. Results: Of the 15,318 patients who received first-line chemotherapy, 43.1% received carboplatin-paclitaxel, 14.3% received carboplatin-gemcitabine, 8.5% received carboplatin-docetaxel, and 34.1% received other regimens. The median survival was 8.0 months (interquartile range [IQR], 3.5-17.4 months) for carboplatin-paclitaxel, 7.3 months (IQR, 3.4-15.2 months) for carboplatin-gemcitabine, and 7.5 months (IQR, 3.2-16.0 months) for carboplatin-docetaxel. Both multivariable and propensity score-adjusted Cox models demonstrated a slight inferiority associated with carboplatin-gemcitabine or carboplatin-docetaxel versus carboplatin-paclitaxel, with a hazard ratio of 1.10 (95% confidence interval, 1.04-1.15) and 1.09 (95% confidence interval, 1.02-1.16), respectively, in propensity score-stratified models. Among the subgroup of 2063 patients with squamous carcinoma, propensity score-stratified analyses had a higher risk of death (hazard ratio, 1.20; 95% confidence interval, 1.07-1.35) associated with carboplatin-gemcitabine versus carboplatin-paclitaxel. Conclusions: Carboplatin-paclitaxel was associated with slightly better survival compared with carboplatin-gemcitabine or carboplatin-docetaxel within the Medicare population with advanced NSCLC, and this was most pronounced for patients who had squamous cell histology.
    Article · Jun 2013
  • Full-text · Article · Aug 2013
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