Splenic infarct as a diagnostic pitfall in radiology

Department of Oncology, Palliative Care Unit, Radiology Advanced Medical and Dental Institute, Universiti Sains Malaysia, Pinang, Malaysia.
Journal of cancer research and therapeutics (Impact Factor: 0.79). 04/2008; 4(2):99-101. DOI: 10.4103/0973-1482.42262
Source: PubMed


Follow-up of colorectal carcinoma after therapy is based on symptoms, tumor markers, and imaging studies. Clinicians sometimes face diagnostic dilemmas because of unusual presentations on the imaging modalities coupled with rising serum markers. We report a case of colorectal carcinoma that presented with gastrointestinal symptoms 14 months after completion of treatment. Investigations showed rise in carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA). Suspecting disease recurrence, complete radioimaging workup was performed; the only abnormality detected was a smooth, hypodense area in the posterior third of the spleen on contrast-enhanced computed tomography abdomen. In view of the previous diagnosis of carcinoma colon, the symptoms reported by the patient, the elevated CEA, and the atypical CECT appearance, a diagnosis of splenic metastasis was made. The patient was subjected to splenectomy as a curative treatment. However, the histopathological report revealed it to be a splenic infarct. The present case reemphasizes the limitations of radiological studies in the follow-up of carcinoma colon.

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    • "Symptoms of splenic infarction are nonspecific and may include left hypochondial pain, fever, and vomiting. CT abdomen without contrast is the best imaging modality for detecting splenic infarctions [21] [22]. "
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    ABSTRACT: Splenic infarction is an extremely rare and unique presentation of brucellosis. Only few cases have been reported worldwide. We here report a case of a young man, presenting with acute onset of fever, left hypochondial pain, and vomiting. Further evaluation revealed multiple splenic infarcts and positive blood culture for brucellosis despite negative transesophageal echocardiography for endocarditis. Significant improvement in clinical symptoms and splenic lesions was achieved after six weeks of combination therapy against brucellosis.
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    ABSTRACT: A 45-year-old man was referred from a local clinic with persistent fever, intermittent pain in the left upper abdomen, and weight loss of 7 kg. He quit his animal husbandry 18 months ago when his cows were found to be infected with Brucella. Abdominal computed tomography (CT) scan taken on admission showed splenomegaly with a wedge-shaped hypoattenuating region in the enhanced image, which was consistent with splenic infarction. Serology for Bruculla was strongly positive with the standard tube agglutination test (1/2560). After initiation of doxycycline (100 mg every 12 hrs) and rifampin (600 mg every day), the patient's condition improved, and was discharged with oral antibiotics that were to be continued for 3 months. During the 12 months' follow up at the outpatient department, the patient had no symptoms, and the last agglutination titer for Brucella in serum had decreased to 1/40. To our knowledge, this is the first report on splenic infarction associated with brucellosis in Korea, which was treated successfully with antibiotic therapy.
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    ABSTRACT: We report a case of a patient with splenic infarction possibly attributable to Mycoplasma pneumoniae infection without accompanying pneumonia. A 24-year-old man was admitted to our hospital with a 7-day history of fever, sore throat, and left upper-quadrant abdominal pain. Chest radiography revealed no active lung lesions; however, abdominal computed tomography showed hepatosplenomegaly with splenic infarction. At the time of admission, the patient's serum IgM titer for M. pneumoniae was 79.7 U/mL (positive titer >70 U/mL). Two weeks later, the serum IgM titer for M. pneumoniae had markedly increased to 3,158.1 U/mL. The patient was treated with azithromycin, and his symptoms began to improve. After 5 weeks, the spleen size decreased, and a scar was observed at the site of the infarct.
    No preview · Article · Feb 2012 · Journal of Infection and Chemotherapy
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