Hand, Foot, and Mouth Disease Caused by Coxsackievirus A6

Emerging Infectious Diseases (Impact Factor: 6.75). 10/2012; 18(10):1702-4. DOI: 10.3201/eid1810.120813
Source: PubMed


TO THE EDITOR: Coxsackievirus A6 (CVA6) is a human enterovirus associated with herpangina in infants. In the winter of 2012, we evaluated a cluster of 8 patients, 4 months-3 years of age, who were brought for treatment at Boston Children's Hospital (Boston, MA, USA) with a variant of hand, foot, and mouth disease (HFMD) that has now been linked to CVA6 (Table). During this same period, the Boston Public Health Commission's syndromic surveillance system detected a 3.3-fold increase in emergency department discharge diagnoses of HFMD. In the United States, HFMD typically occurs in the summer and early autumn and is characterized by a febrile enanthem of oral ulcers and macular or vesicular lesions on the palms and soles; the etiologic agents are most often CVA16 and enterovirus 71.

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