Preliminary Comparative Phytochemical Screening of Euphorbia Species
American-Eurasian Journal of Agricultural & Environmental Sciences 09/2012; 11(8).
Phytochemical screening tests were performed first before bulk extractions. Phytochemical screening resulted in the isolation of new and novel compounds proved to be a leading candidate to fight diseases including cancer. Aerial parts of Euphorbia prostrate, Euphorbia milii, Euphorbia hirta and Euphorbia helioscopia were used for phytochemical screening for the presence of different classes of secondary metabolites. The phytochemical screening revealed the presence of terpenoids, flavonides and tennins which are given in table (2-5). The IR spectroscopy of the crude extracts indicated the presence of OH, CH stretching saturated, C=O, C=C, NO2, C-N, Ar-O, C-O- , R-O-, C-Cl Stretching respectively
Get notified about updates to this publicationFollow publication
Data provided are for informational purposes only. Although carefully collected, accuracy cannot be guaranteed. The impact factor represents a rough estimation of the journal's impact factor and does not reflect the actual current impact factor. Publisher conditions are provided by RoMEO. Differing provisions from the publisher's actual policy or licence agreement may be applicable.
[Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
- "In the present investigation the extracts of the parts of those plants yielding NPs of least size are reported to contain several phytochemicals. The plant Euphorbia milli is used for ornamental purpose and several secondary metabolites like Terpenoids, Flavonoids, Tannins are reported to be present in the aerial parts of the plant (Qaisar et al., 2012). The phytochemical screening of Tridax procumbens revealed the presence of alkaloids, carotenoids, flavonoids saponins and tannins (Ikewuchi et "
ABSTRACT: Iron nanoparticles (Fe NPs) are gaining importance for their uses in environmental remediation technologies. In the present investigation Fe NPs were synthesized by green route using extracts of different parts of plants like Euphorbia milii, Tridax procumbens, Tinospora cordifolia, Datura innoxia, Calotropis procera and Cymbopogon citratus (lemon grass tea). Fe NPs were generated by reaction of ferric chloride (FeCl3) solution with plant extracts. The reductants present in the plant extracts act as reducing and stabilizing agent. The sizes of NPs were measured using dynamic light scattering (Malvern Zetasizer). Synthesized nanoparticles were characterized using particle size analyzer, UV-vis absorption spectrophotometer, transmission electron microscopy (TEM) and dynamic light scattering (DLS). Dispersion destabilization of NPs was detected by Turbiscan. Fe NPs synthesized from the stem extracts of Euphorbia milii, Tridax procumbens and flower extracts of Tinospora cordifolia was found to be of considerable low size and that produced from the stem extracts of Euphorbia milii was of the least size ranging from 13-21nm . These ecofriendly, cost effective, stable nanoparticles synthesized from plants can therefore be used as an economic and valuable alternative for the large-scale production of Iron nanoparticles.
- [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Desmodium elegans is medicinal plants commonly used for the treatment of jaundice, fever, paralysis, oedema, asthma, cold, constipation, cough, convulsion, cholestylithiasis and urolithiasis. The present investigation intended with various phytochemical screening and biological studies were carried out on the bark of Desmodium elegans. Preliminary phytochemical test of the crude extract and various fractions revealed the presence of, steroids, Saponins, tannins, reducing sugars, cardiac glycosides and caumarines. The antimicrobial activity and Phytotoxicity activities of crude extract and various fractions of D. elegans were investigated. Significance phytotoxic activity was observed at higher concentration. INTRODUCTION healing wounds [3-5]. Previous studies have revealed that
- [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: The crude methanolic extract of aerial parts of Euphorbia milli was tested for its antinociceptive property. The antinociceptive effect was evaluated usin chemical (acetic acid) induced pain paradigm. The acetic acid induced writhing was significantly attenuated by the crude methanolic extract. The mean number of writhing reduction of the crude methanolic extract was 12.34, 32.54 and 71.44 % at the tested doses of 50, 100 and 150 mg/kg respectively. The percent effect of diclofenac sodium was 82.34% was nearest to our tested sample. The crude methanolic extract demonstrated a dose and time dependent effect.