Subtalar Instability Reconstruction With an Allograft: Technical Note
Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Konkuk University School of Medicine, 4-12 Hwayang-dong, Gwangjin-gu, Seoul, Republic of Korea.Foot & Ankle International (Impact Factor: 1.51). 08/2012; 33(8):682-5. DOI: 10.3113/FAI.2012.0682
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ABSTRACT: Unlabelled: The purpose of this study was to perform stress imaging of hindfoot inversion and eversion using tomosynthesis and to assess the subtalar joint range of motion (ROM) of healthy subjects. The subjects were 15 healthy volunteers with a mean age of 29.1 years. Coronal tomosynthesis stress imaging of the subtalar joint was performed in a total of 30 left and right ankles. A Telos stress device was used for the stress load, and the load was 150 N for both inversion and eversion. Tomographic images in which the posterior talocalcaneal joint could be confirmed on the neutral position images were used in measurements. The angle of the intersection formed by a line through the lateral articular facet of the posterior talocalcaneal joint and a line through the surface of the trochlea of the talus was measured. The mean change in the angle of the calcaneus with respect to the talus was 10.3 ± 4.8° with inversion stress and 5.0 ± 3.8° with eversion stress from the neutral position. The result was a clearer depiction of the subtalar joint, and inversion and eversion ROM of the subtalar joint was shown to be about 15° in healthy subjects. Levels of evidence: Diagnostic, Level IV.
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ABSTRACT: Subtalar instability (STI) has often been obscured by lateral ankle instability. Moreover, although there have been several reports of techniques for reconstructing STI, no clinical outcome results are known to have been published. The authors report the clinical and radiographic outcomes of the ligament reconstruction of STI with a recently reported novel technique utilising a semitendinosus tendon allograft and interference screws. This study is based on 20 ankles that underwent ligament reconstruction for STI between 2009 and 2013. The average follow-up period was 15.0 ± 5 months, and the average age at surgery was 28.1 ± 10.8 years old. Visual analogue (VAS) pain scores, American Orthopedic Foot and Ankle Society (AOFAS) and Karlsson-Peterson ankle scores as well as patient satisfaction were evaluated. Radiographic evaluation of medial translations of calcaneus and subtalar tilt angles was preformed with ankle and Broden's stress radiographs. The VAS pain score decreased from 6.1 ± 1.1 preoperatively to 1.8 ± 1.2 post-operatively (p < 0.05). The AOFAS score improved from 66.0 ± 12.2 preoperatively to 89.6 ± 6.7 post-operatively, and the Karlsson-Peterson score improved from 57.0 ± 13.5 to 91.1 ± 6.8 (p < 0.05). There were no complications such as recurred STI or subtalar joint stiffness. All of the patients were satisfied with the surgery. Subtalar tilt angle decreased from 11.5° preoperatively to 3.0° post-operatively, and the calcaneal medial translations decreased from 7.4 to 3.9 mm. This is the first report on the comprehensive clinical and radiographic outcomes of STI reconstruction using a semitendinosus tendon allograft and interference screws. The novel technique of STI reconstruction was found to show encouraging clinical outcomes with high patient satisfaction. LEVELS OF EVIDENCE: IV.
Article: Subtalar Instability[Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Subtalar instability is a common clinical entity. Clinicians should have a high index of suspicion of this diagnosis in patients who have been diagnosed with chronic lateral ankle instability but have failed standard management and have continued pain in the sinus tarsi. As with ankle instability, nonoperative management is the initial mainstay of treatment. Operative management includes ligamentous reconstruction of key lateral stabilizers of the subtalar joint. Future research on this subject should be focused at improving diagnosis and recognition of this entity. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
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