ArticlePDF Available

Neem-seed oil inhibits growth of termite surface-tunnels.

Authors:

Abstract

Neem-seed oil averts growth of termite tunnels; it can be used for a cost-effective and eco-friendly anti-termite applications.
... Neem seed oil contain upto 45% of a brown and bitter oil which is also known as oil of Margosa. The oil is yellow to brown in colour and contains acids (Yash et al., 2000), glycerides, nimbedin, nimbin and azadirachtin. It has many therapeutic uses but can also serve as fuel for lamps and for soap production. ...
... Another report suggests about 5-6% increase in crop yield with NCU over uncoated urea (Bijay-Singh, 2016). More and more farmers in India started demanding NCU, because it provides protection from several diseases and pests (Yash Roy and Gupta, 2000). Considering the positive farmers' response to NCU all over the country, the Government of India has taken a decision that all urea manufactured in the country and even that imported from abroad has to be coated with neem (Jenny, 2015). ...
... Another report suggests about 5-6% increase in crop yield with NCU over uncoated urea (Bijay-Singh, 2016). More and more farmers in India started demanding NCU, because it provides protection from several diseases and pests (Yash Roy and Gupta, 2000). Considering the positive farmers' response to NCU all over the country, the Government of India has taken a decision that all urea manufactured in the country and even that imported from abroad has to be coated with neem (Jenny, 2015). ...
... Azadirachta indica has been shown to be an important agent in treating infestations of head lice in human particular in South Sudan. Its oil is also used in sprays against fleas for cats and dogs as well as in some beauty products [84]. However, prolonged internal use may cause irritation of liver and kidneys for its poisonous is effective when taken at higher concentrated doses. ...
Article
This review paper focuses on knowledge, skill, practices, benefits, and experiences pertaining to use of plants as medicinal aids to help, prevent or treat physical and mental illnesses in human in African continent especially South Sudan. Attitudes towards traditional medicine vary strongly with the tradition and cultures of the people and this has raised a serious confusion between herbal medicine and witchcraft. Millions of Africans and South Sudanese in particular prefer treatment and use of medicinal plant products made from indigenous plants, because it represents an important source of affordable medicine as well as sources of income for rural communities. 25% of the world medicinal plants are found in the African continent, but only 8% are used because information is transferred verbally from generation to generation and much is not unknown. The set back is due to lack of proof that medicinal plants are useful, safe and effective and can be used as alternative medicine. Many plants species are likely to become extinct as well as endangered as population increases demand also increases, giving greater pressure on medicinal plants. As a result, 50% of medicinal plants worldwide are threatened with extinction due to rampant exploration. Traditional herbal medicines are identified and produced by traditional medicinal practitioners in Africa. Many herbs grown in South Sudan and in African continent have valuable medical properties but traditional methods used have many disadvantages that can be corrected and developed to make them effective, stable and reproductive through the methods of scientific research.
... Neem is a key ingredient in the non-pesticidal management of different pests and provides a natural alternative to synthetic pesticides. Although neem oil has been shown to avert termite attack as an eco-friendly and economical agent (Yash Roy and Gupta, 2000), hardly any systematic attempt has been made to study pesticidal properties associated with NCU or NOCU. Baboo (2014) has cited a few case studies associated with neem coated urea. ...
... Leprosy and intestinal worms, also used for birth control and to cause abortions, anti-feed ant, repellent, and egg-laying deterrent [42] seed oil Healthy hair, to improve liver function, detoxify the blood, and balance blood sugar levels, avert termite attack, preparation of soap, shampoo, balms and creams as well as toothpaste [43] Part used Uses References Cake Fertilizer [44] Fruit ...
Chapter
Full-text available
ABSTRACT Ethno-botany accounts for the study of relationship between people and plants for their use as medicines, food, shelter, clothing, fuel, fodder and other household purposes. India is a repository of medicinal plants. Different medicinal plant parts and their products have been used in traditional medicine since time immemorial. They still play an important role in effective disease control with no side effect and have natural origin. They are considered as the great source of unique compounds for the development of medicines for the cure of various diseases. The present article is an attempt to explore and comprehensively highlight the biological activities, pharmacological actions and medicinal applications of three plants namely Acacia nilotica, Albizia saman, Azadirachta indica.
... Azadirachta indica has been shown to be an important agent in treating infestations of head lice in human particular in South Sudan. Its oil is also used in sprays against fleas for cats and dogs as well as in some beauty products [84]. However, prolonged internal use may cause irritation of liver and kidneys for its poisonous is effective when taken at higher concentrated doses. ...
Article
Full-text available
This review paper focuses on knowledge, skill, practices, benefits, and experiences pertaining to use of plants as medicinal aids to help, prevent or treat physical and mental illnesses in human in African continent especially South Sudan. Attitudes towards traditional medicine vary strongly with the tradition and cultures of the people and this has raised a serious confusion between herbal medicine and witchcraft. Millions of Africans and South Sudanese in particular prefer treatment and use of medicinal plant products made from indigenous plants, because it represents an important source of affordable medicine as well as sources of income for rural communities. 25% of the world medicinal plants are found in the African continent, but only 8% are used because information is transferred verbally from generation to generation and much is not unknown. The set back is due to lack of proof that medicinal plants are useful, safe and effective and can be used as alternative medicine. Many plants species are likely to become extinct as well as endangered as population increases demand also increases, giving greater pressure on medicinal plants. As a result, 50% of medicinal plants worldwide are threatened with extinction due to rampant exploration. Traditional herbal medicines are identified and produced by traditional medicinal practitioners in Africa. Many herbs grown in South Sudan and in African continent have valuable medical properties but traditional methods used have many disadvantages that can be corrected and developed to make them effective, stable and reproductive through the methods of scientific research.
... Azadirachta indica has been shown to be an important agent in treating infestations of head lice in human particular in South Sudan. Its oil is also used in sprays against fleas for cats and dogs as well as in some beauty products [84]. However, prolonged internal use may cause irritation of liver and kidneys for its poisonous is effective when taken at higher concentrated doses. ...
Article
Full-text available
This review paper focuses on knowledge, skill, practices, benefits, and experiences pertaining to use of plants as medicinal aids to help, prevent or treat physical and mental illnesses in human in African continent especially South Sudan. Attitudes towards traditional medicine vary strongly with the tradition and cultures of the people and this has raised a serious confusion between herbal medicine and witchcraft. Millions of Africans and South Sudanese in particular prefer treatment and use of medicinal plant products made from indigenous plants, because it represents an important source of affordable medicine as well as sources of income for rural communities. 25% of the world medicinal plants are found in the African continent, but only 8% are used because information is transferred verbally from generation to generation and much is not unknown. The set back is due to lack of proof that medicinal plants are useful, safe and effective and can be used as alternative medicine. Many plants species are likely to become extinct as well as endangered as population increases demand also increases, giving greater pressure on medicinal plants. As a result, 50% of medicinal plants worldwide are threatened with extinction due to rampant exploration. Traditional herbal medicines are identified and produced by traditional medicinal practitioners in Africa. Many herbs grown in South Sudan and in African continent have valuable medical properties but traditional methods used have many disadvantages that can be corrected and developed to make them effective, stable and reproductive through the methods of scientific research.
Chapter
This study tested the suitability of solid residue (CaO) derived from the mixture of waste biomass as catalysts in transesterification conversion of the blend of neem oilseed (Azadirachta indica A. Juss) with rendered pig fat. Blending was done in the ratio of neem oil:pig fat oil (v/v) as 10:90 (NO10), 20:80 (NO20), 30:70 (NO30), 40:60 (NO40), 50:50 (NO50), 60:40 (NO60), 70:30 (NO70), 80:20 (NO80), and 90:10 (NO90), respectively. Optimization of transesterification process parameters of methanolysis of CaO catalyst for the synthesis of 60:40 of mixed oil biodiesel (MOB) was carried out using central composite design that generates 30 experimental runs.Results showed low viscous oil at blend of 60:40. The predicted MOB yield of 98.05 (wt. %) at catalyst amount of 2.179 (g), reaction time of 57.45 min, reaction temperature of 59.91 °C, and MeOH/OMR of 5.9:1 (mL/mL) was validated in triplicate, and an average MOB yield of 98.03 (wt. %) was obtained. Results of XRD analysis indicated CaO as the predominant constituent element obtained from the mixture of calcined palm kernel shell husk (CPKSH) and calcined fermented kola nut husk (CFKNH). The qualities of MOB produced were within the biodiesel standard.KeywordsFAMEBlend oilOptimizationAgricultural wastesMixed oil biodieselPhysicochemical properties
Article
Full-text available
Fertilizer is one of the vital inputs required for enhancing agricultural production and the farmers’ income in India. India ranks second in the world and first among the South Asian Association of Regional Cooperation (SAARC) countries in terms of total fertilizer consumption. However, the average fertilizer application per hectare of about 145 kg in India during 2019-20 was much below than that in the SAARC countries of about 174 kg ha -1. There are huge interstate and inter-regional variations in fertilizer use. The changes in government policies pertaining to fertilizer distribution and use have impacted significantly the nutrient use ratio. Overuse or misuse or imbalanced application of fertilizer nutrients and sheer negligence in the application of secondary and micronutrients have been responsible for the lower utilization of applied nutrients, leading to the accumulation of fertilizer nutrients in the soil and/or leakage to the environment, and thus causing environmental degradation and climate change. The compounded harmful effects of imbalanced fertilizer use are not only intensifying soil and atmospheric pollution but also impacting water bodies (eutrophication) and causing threat to biodiversity and human health. The increased use of fertilizer-N has direct bearing on higher total N2O emission and low N use efficiency (15-30%). As per estimates, India emits about 6.24 Tg yr -1 of reactive nitrogen (Nr), though contribution from agricultural fields is not really alarming. Adoption of the best crop and fertilizer management practices namely, use of neem oil coated urea, growing of nutrient efficient genotypes, balanced nutrient application, adoption of preventive strategies and organic farming practices facilitated by the enabling policies can achieve 20-30% reduction in the fertilizer use. Ministry of Agriculture and Farmers Welfare, Government of India is making holistic efforts to ensure the balanced use of fertilizers for the major agricultural, horticultural, and medicinal crops. India has to put in place a well-defined comprehensive system that enforces stringent policies on balanced fertilizer use, besides facilitating integrated nutrient management with locally available organic manures/crop residues and cultivation of efficient crop genotypes.
ResearchGate has not been able to resolve any references for this publication.