Health-related quality of life among survivors of aggressive non-Hodgkin lymphoma
Lombardi Comprehensive Cancer Center, Georgetown University Medical Center, Washington, DC. . Cancer
(Impact Factor: 4.89).
02/2013; 119(3). DOI: 10.1002/cncr.27781
Non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL) is the fifth most common cancer among men and women. Patients with aggressive NHL receive intense medical treatments that can significantly compromise health-related quality of life (HRQOL). However, knowledge of HRQOL and its correlates among survivors of aggressive NHL is limited.
Self-reported data on HRQOL (physical and mental function, anxiety, depression, and fatigue) were analyzed for 319 survivors of aggressive NHL. Survivors 2 to 5 years postdiagnosis were selected from the Los Angeles County Cancer Registry. Bivariate and multivariable methods were used to assess the influence of sociodemographic, clinical, and cognitive health-appraisal factors on survivors' HRQOL.
After accounting for other covariates, marital status was associated with all HRQOL outcomes (P < .05). Younger survivors reported worse mental function and higher levels of depression, anxiety, and fatigue (P < .01). Survivors who had more comorbid conditions or lacked private health insurance reported worse physical and mental function and higher levels of depression and fatigue (P < .05). Survivors who experienced a recurrence reported worse physical function and higher levels of depression and fatigue (P < .05). With the exception of a nonsignificant association between perceived control and physical function, greater perceptions of personal control and health competence were associated significantly with more positive HRQOL outcomes (P < .01).
The current results indicated that survivors of aggressive NHL who are younger, are unmarried, lack private insurance, or experience greater illness burden may be at risk for poorer HRQOL. Cognitive health-appraisal factors were strongly related to HRQOL, suggesting potential benefits of interventions focused on these mutable factors for this population.
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Available from: Maryse Lapeyre-Mestre
- "Cross-sectional studies and registry-based data analyses have documented that cancer survivors present with a variety of troubles that can lead to a decrease in their healthrelated quality of life (HRQoL). Compared to that of solid tumors (notably breast cancers), lymphoma survivorship has received little attention, but studies examining the course of morbidity in Non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL) and Hodgkin lymphoma (HL) survivorship have revealed that these patients experience psychological disorders (e.g., anxiety, depression, post-traumatic stress disorder [PTSD])123, delayed return to work , and a subsequent decrease in their HRQoL [3, 5]. Beside these complications, other severe concerns include the development of cardiovascular diseases and second malignancies, while relapse also remains possible, especially during the first 24-months post-therapy . "
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Cancer survivorship has emerged as an important aspect of oncology due to the possibility of physical and psychosocial complications. The purpose of this study was to assess the feasibility of the Ambulatory Medical Assistance for After Cancer (AMA-AC) procedure for monitoring lymphoma survivorship during the first year after chemotherapy.
AMA-AC is based on systematic general practitioner (GP) consultations and telephone interventions conducted by a nurse coordinator (NC) affiliated to the oncology unit, while an oncologist acts only on demand. Patients are regularly monitored for physical, psychological and social events, as well as their health-related quality of life (HRQoL). Inclusion criteria were patients newly diagnosed with non-Hodgkin or Hodgkin lymphomas, who had been treated with anthracycline-based chemotherapy and were in complete remission after treatment.
All 115 patients and 113 collaborating GPs agreed to participate in the study. For patients who achieved one year of disease-free survival (n = 104) their assessments (438 in total) were fully completed. Eleven were excluded from analysis (9 relapses and 2 deaths). The most frequent complications when taking into account all grades were arthralgia (64.3 %) and infections (41.7 %). About one third of patients developed new diseases with cardiovascular complications as the most common. Psychological disorders such as anxiety, depression and post-traumatic stress disorder were diagnosed in 42.6 % of patients. The data collected showed that Hodgkin lymphoma patients, females, and patients with lower HRQoL (mental component) at study entry were at greater risk for developing at least one psychological disorder.
This study showed that AMA-AC is a feasible and efficient procedure for monitoring lymphoma survivorship in terms of GP and patient participation rates and adherence, and provides a high quality of operable data. Hence, the AMA-AC procedure may be transferable into clinical daily practice as an alternative to standard oncologist-based follow-up.
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ABSTRACT: Latinas have lower quality of life than Caucasian cancer survivors but we know little about factors associated with quality of life in this growing population. Bilingual staff conducted interviews with a national cross-sectional sample of 264 Latina breast cancer survivors. Quality of life was measured using the Functional Assessment of Cancer Therapy-Breast (FACT-B). Regression models evaluated associations between culture, social and medical context and overall quality of life and its subdomains. Latina survivors were 1-5 years post-diagnosis and reported a lower mean quality of life score compared to other published reports of non-Latina survivors (M = 105; SD = 19.4 on the FACT-B). Culturally based feelings of breast cancer-related stigma and shame were consistently related to lower overall quality of life and lower well-being in each quality of life domain. Social and medical contextual factors were independently related to quality of life; together cultural, social and medical context factors uniquely accounted for 62 % of the explained model variance of overall quality of life (Adjusted R (2) = 0.53, P < 0.001). Similar relationships were seen for quality of life subdomains in which cultural, social, and medical contextual variables independently contributed to the overall variance of each final model: physical well-being (Adjusted R (2) = 0.23, P < .001), social well-being (Adjusted R (2) = 0.51, P < 0.001), emotional well-being (Adjusted R (2) = 0.28, P < 0.001), functional well-being (Adjusted R (2) = 0.41, P < 0.001), and additional breast concerns (Adjusted R (2) = 0.40, P < 0.001). Efforts to improve Latinas' survivorship experiences should consider cultural, social, and medical contextual factors to close existing quality of life gaps between Latinas and other survivors.
Available from: Pauline A J Vissers
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ABSTRACT: The aim of this study was to assess the difference in explained variance of Health-Related Quality of Life (HRQoL) between comorbidity, sociodemographic characteristics and cancer characteristics. This association was assessed among thyroid cancer, colorectal cancer, and (non-)Hodgkin's lymphoma patients.
Data from three large population-based surveys on survivors of thyroid cancer, colorectal cancer, and (non-)Hodgkin's lymphoma were used. Cancer-specific HRQoL was assessed with the European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer (EORTC) Quality of Life Questionnaire Core 30 (QLQ-C30) of which physical function, emotional function, fatigue, and pain were included in the analyses. Comorbidity was assessed using the Self-reported Comorbidity Questionnaire. The association between comorbidity and HRQoL was assessed with multivariate linear regression models. Semi-partial R (2) was reported to assess the amount of variance in HRQoL explained by comorbidity in comparison with sociodemographic and cancer characteristics.
In total, 3,792 cancer survivors were included in this analysis. The variance in HRQoL subscales explained by comorbidity was higher compared with sociodemographic and cancer characteristics for physical function (11-17 vs. 2-4 and 1-2 %, respectively) and emotional function (7-17 vs. 1-3 and 1-3 %, respectively), regardless of cancer type. In addition, comorbidity explained 7-20 and 11-13 % of the variance in pain and fatigue, respectively, compared to 0-4 % for both sociodemographic and cancer characteristics. Osteoarthritis and back pain were strongly associated with physical function and pain, while depression was strongly associated with emotional function. Depression and back pain were strongly associated with fatigue.
This study showed that comorbidity explained more variance in physical and emotional function, pain, and fatigue in comparison with sociodemographic and cancer characteristics in cancer survivors, regardless of cancer type. Our findings emphasize the importance of adjusting for the presence of comorbid diseases when assessing HRQoL in cancer survivors.
Cancer survivors suffering from comorbid diseases experience lower levels of health-related quality of life. Clinicians should become more aware of the impact of comorbidity on HRQoL and provide necessary psychological support to assist self-management of comorbid diseases.
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