Gonadoblastoma: Case report of two young patients with isochromosome 12p found in the dysgerminoma overgrowth component in one case
1st Department of Pathology and Experimental Cancer Research, Semmelweis University, Budapest, Hungary. Electronic address: .Pathology - Research and Practice (Impact Factor: 1.4). 08/2012; 208(10):628-32. DOI: 10.1016/j.prp.2012.07.006
Gonadoblastomas are unusual neoplasias that frequently appear in the dysgenetic gonads of women with chromosome Y anomaly. We present two cases of gonadoblastoma associated with complete gonadal dysgenesis and Turner syndrome, respectively, with dysgerminoma overgrowth found in one case. We were interested in the DNA ploidy, the presence of Y chromosome DNA sequence and the status of chromosome 12p arm among the tumor cells. We performed cytophotometry to analyze the DNA content and fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) to identify the Y chromosome and the isochromosome 12p within the tumor cells. The cytophotometric result showed diploid DNA content in gonadoblastoma, whereas dysgerminoma revealed aneuploid DNA. The FISH result revealed Y chromosome DNA sequence within gonadoblastoma and dysgerminoma. Isochromosome 12p was identified in dysgerminoma, but not in gonadoblastoma. We conclude that gonadoblastoma and dysgerminoma have a strong association with the Y chromosome, and dysgerminoma overgrowth is due to further chromosomal aberrations, such as isochromosome 12p. Histological, immunohistocheimcal and molecular studies should render the correct diagnosis. Identifying dysgerminoma overgrowth is crucial since it is associated with adverse prognosis and requires additional therapy.
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ABSTRACT: Individuals with 45,X/46,XY karyotype are at increased risk for germ cell tumor development. We report a case with a diagnosis of 45, X/46, XY gonadal dysgenesis who presented with short stature, physical stigmata of Turner syndrome. Her pubertal development was at Tanner stage 3. At follow-up, bilateral prophylactic gonadectomy was performed when considering the risk factors. Pathological assessment was consistent with gonadoblastoma in the left gonad, and dysgerminoma and gonadoblastoma in neighboring areas in the right gonad. The karyotype analysis of the right and left gonadal tissues reveled 45,X[97,3]/46,XY[2,7] and 45,X[92,7]/46,XY[4,5]/47,XYY [2,8] mosaic, respectively. The clinical management of such patient should be individualized according to the present risk factors. Additionally, signs of estrogenization like advanced breast development always suggest the possible presence of germ cell tumor.
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